प्रकाशन

2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही (2020-21-Q3) के लिए सेवा और आधारभूत संरचना परिदृश्य का सर्वेक्षण

आज भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक ने सेवा और आधारभूत संरचना परिदृश्य (एसआइओएस) के तिमाही सर्वेक्षण के 27वें चक्र का परिणाम जारी किया। इस आगे के सर्वेक्षण का संचालन 2014-15 की प्रथम तिमाही से किया जाता रहा है जिसमें सेवा और आधारभूत संरचना क्षेत्रों में संलग्न भारतीय कंपनियों का गुणात्मक मूल्यांकन और उनकी अपेक्षाओं की कैपचरिंग कारोबारी मानदंडों के एक सेट पर किया जाता है जो मांग स्थितियों, मूल्य स्थितियों और अन्य कारोबार की शर्तों से संबंधित होता है । सर्वेक्षण के इस चक्र में, जिसका संचालन अक्तूबर-दिसंबर 20201 में किया गया था, 526 कंपनियों ने 2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाहीके लिए अपना मूल्यांकन तथा 2020-21 की चौथी तिमाही के लिए अपेक्षाएं दीं।

विशेष:

क. सेवा क्षेत्र

Q3:2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही का मूल्यांकन

  • सेवा क्षेत्र की फर्मों ने 2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही में पण्यावर्त के जोरदार पुनरुद्धार का आकलन किया है (चार्ट 1 और सारणी 1)।

  • सभी प्रमुख कारोबारी मानदंडों ने, केवल सामग्री की लागत को छोड़कर, 2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही में महत्वपूर्ण सुधार दर्ज़ किया है।

  • पिछली तिमाही की तुलना में मामूली सुधार के बावज़ूद उत्तरदाताओं ने बिक्री मूल्यों और लाभ मार्जिन में कमी का आकलन किया है, जबकि पिछली तिमाही की तुलना में उनकी भावनाएं मज़बूत हुई हैं।

  • समग्र कारोबार स्थितियों के संबंध में भावनाएं आशावादिता में परिवर्तित हो गई हैं।

Q4:2020-21 के लिए अपेक्षाएं

  • सेवा क्षेत्र की कंपनियाँ 2020-21 की चौथी तिमाही में पण्यावर्तों में और भी सुधार होने की अपेक्षा करती हैं (चार्ट-1)।

  • प्रमुख कारोबारी मानदंडों का परिदृश्य, केवल सामग्री की लागत को छोड़कर, और भी बेहतर हुआ।

  • कंपनियाँ बिक्री मूल्यों और सामग्री की लागत दोनों में वृद्धि की अपेक्षा करती हैं जिसके परिणामस्वरूप लाभ मार्जिन्स में मामूली लाभ होता।

Chart_1

ख. आधारभूत संरचना क्षेज्ञ

Q3:2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही के लिए मूल्यांकन

  • आधारभूत संरचना कंपनियों ने पण्यावर्त में विस्तार का आकलन किया है, जहाँ निवल भावनाएं दो तिमाहियों के पश्चात सकारात्मक हुई हैं (चार्ट-2 और सारणी ख)।

  • प्रमुख कारोबारी मानदंडों यथा-पण्यावर्त, रोज़गार, बिक्री मूल्य और लाभ मार्जिन में 2020-21 की तीसरी तिमाही में सुधार हुआ है, इस रूप में आकलन किया गया, परिणामस्वरूप समग्र कारोबारी स्थितियों में सुधार दिखा।

Q4:2020-21 की चौथी तिमाही के लिए अपेक्षाएं

  • 2020-21 की चौथी तिमाही में आधारभूत संरचना कंपनियों के पण्यावर्त में और भी सुधार होने की अपेक्षा की गई है बल्कि अन्य प्रमुख कारोबारी मानदंडों में भी सुधार होने की अपेक्षा जाती है (चार्ट-2)।

  • पूर्ण-कालिक और अंश-कालिक दोनों प्रकार के कर्मचारियों के रोज़गार की स्थितियों के सकारात्मक होने की अपेक्षा की जाती है

Chart_2

Summary of Net Responses2on Survey Parameters
Table A: Services Sector
(per cent)
Parameters Assessment period Expectations period
Q2:20-21 Q3:20-21 Q3:20-21 Q4:20-21
Overall Business Situation -4.7 30.9 27.0 44.5
Turnover -10.7 23.7 21.2 38.4
Full-time Employees -8.8 9.5 4.0 15.4
Part-time Employees -15.4 -4.3 -3.8 6.6
Availability of Finance -1.1 10.7 5.3 16.9
Cost of Finance 0.0 -4.6 -2.2 -8.5
Salary & Wages -0.3 -12.0 -9.5 -20.3
Cost of Inputs -26.2 -28.0 -24.2 -29.2
Selling Price -12.6 -9.9 -5.4 0.3
Profit Margin -29.5 -11.1 -6.3 1.4
Inventories -5.9 6.0 1.3 12.3
Technical/Service Capacity 5.6 10.7 9.6 13.1
Physical Investment -1.4 5.7 1.1 8.7

Table B: Infrastructure Sector
(per cent)
Parameters Assessment period Expectations period
Q2:20-21 Q3:20-21 Q3:20-21 Q4:20-21
Overall Business Situation -11.0 16.2 14.8 37.7
Turnover -17.2 3.5 17.5 31.9
Full-time Employees -26.0 -14.2 -8.0 2.9
Part-time Employees -19.2 -5.8 -2.4 3.0
Availability of Finance -10.4 -0.7 1.6 10.1
Cost of Finance -12.2 -13.8 -21.1 -17.4
Salary & Wages 11.2 -8.6 -17.7 -16.7
Cost of Inputs -31.9 -33.1 -42.7 -40.7
Selling Price -18.8 -7.1 -10.0 3.2
Profit Margin -41.9 -23.4 -17.4 -3.6
Inventories 0.0 0.8 5.7 6.9
Technical/Service Capacity -3.7 1.7 1.9 5.0
Physical Investment -2.9 0.9 7.8 7.0

Note: Please see the excel file for time series data

Services Sector

Table S1: Assessment and Expectation for Overall Business Situation
(Percentage responses)@
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Better No Change Worse Net response# Better No Change Worse Net response
Q3:19-20 32.8 51.4 15.8 17.0 47.0 39.0 13.9 33.1
Q4:19-20 33.0 52.6 14.3 18.7 45.2 45.2 9.6 35.5
Q1:20-21 7.4 31.3 61.3 -53.9 43.8 45.8 10.4 33.4
Q2:20-21 26.4 42.4 31.1 -4.7 29.0 43.9 27.1 1.9
Q3:20-21 43.2 44.5 12.3 30.9 40.3 46.3 13.4 27.0
Q4:20-21         50.4 43.7 5.9 44.5

‘Increase’ in Overall business situation is optimistic.
@: Due to rounding off percentage may not add up to 100.
#: Net Response (NR) is the difference of percentage of the respondents reporting optimism and that reporting pessimism. The range is -100 to 100. Any value greater than zero indicates expansion/ optimism and any value less than zero indicates contraction/ pessimism.


Table S2: Assessment and Expectation for Turnover
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 40.3 40.3 19.4 20.9 50.5 35.4 14.0 36.5
Q4:19-20 41.6 38.8 19.7 21.9 48.1 40.9 11.0 37.1
Q1:20-21 9.0 23.9 67.1 -58.1 46.6 39.1 14.3 32.2
Q2:20-21 28.0 33.2 38.7 -10.7 30.4 33.9 35.8 -5.4
Q3:20-21 43.7 36.3 20.0 23.7 40.5 40.2 19.3 21.2
Q4:20-21         48.6 41.1 10.3 38.4
‘Increase’ in Turnover is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S3: Assessment and Expectation for Full-time Employees

(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 26.0 57.7 16.3 9.7 26.4 66.2 7.4 19.0
Q4:19-20 30.3 56.9 12.8 17.5 27.4 63.5 9.1 18.3
Q1:20-21 11.6 63.5 24.8 -13.2 28.3 62.8 8.9 19.4
Q2:20-21 15.2 60.9 24.0 -8.8 13.4 68.7 17.9 -4.6
Q3:20-21 24.9 59.8 15.3 9.5 17.0 70.0 13.0 4.0
Q4:20-21         22.9 69.5 7.5 15.4
‘Increase’ in Full-time Employees is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S4: Assessment and Expectation for Part-time Employees
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 12.9 70.6 16.5 -3.6 12.9 77.1 10.0 3.0
Q4:19-20 12.1 75.6 12.4 -0.3 14.7 72.3 13.1 1.6
Q1:20-21 4.5 62.9 32.6 -28.1 15.4 74.1 10.6 4.8
Q2:20-21 8.3 68.1 23.6 -15.4 8.5 70.4 21.2 -12.7
Q3:20-21 10.0 75.7 14.3 -4.3 9.5 77.2 13.3 -3.8
Q4:20-21         15.0 76.7 8.3 6.6
‘Increase’ in Part-time Employees is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S5: Assessment and Expectation for Availability of Finance
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Improve No Change Worsen Net response Improve No Change Worsen Net response
Q3:19-20 17.4 70.1 12.5 4.9 27.8 64.6 7.6 20.2
Q4:19-20 21.5 66.8 11.7 9.8 22.9 68.0 9.1 13.9
Q1:20-21 9.7 66.3 23.9 -14.2 24.0 65.9 10.1 13.9
Q2:20-21 15.4 68.0 16.6 -1.1 15.9 66.6 17.5 -1.7
Q3:20-21 21.3 68.0 10.7 10.7 17.7 69.9 12.4 5.3
Q4:20-21         25.5 65.9 8.6 16.9
‘Improve’ in Availability of Finance is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S6: Assessment and Expectation for Cost of Finance
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 16.5 74.3 9.2 -7.3 16.3 71.2 12.5 -3.8
Q4:19-20 14.9 75.7 9.5 -5.4 15.3 75.7 9.0 -6.3
Q1:20-21 21.4 62.9 15.7 -5.7 13.4 76.6 10.0 -3.4
Q2:20-21 15.1 69.7 15.1 0.0 18.1 68.9 13.0 -5.1
Q3:20-21 16.8 70.9 12.3 -4.6 13.5 75.1 11.4 -2.2
Q4:20-21         17.0 74.6 8.5 -8.5
‘Decrease’ in Cost of Finance is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S7: Assessment and Expectation for Salary/Wages
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 35.1 61.9 3.0 -32.1 34.8 61.0 4.3 -30.5
Q4:19-20 33.6 61.9 4.4 -29.2 31.2 66.8 2.1 -29.1
Q1:20-21 13.2 61.2 25.6 12.3 39.2 57.8 3.0 -36.2
Q2:20-21 16.9 66.4 16.7 -0.3 15.8 66.2 18.0 2.3
Q3:20-21 23.7 64.5 11.7 -12.0 19.0 71.6 9.5 -9.5
Q4:20-21         26.4 67.6 6.0 -20.3
‘Decrease’ in Salary/Wages is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S8: Assessment and Expectation for Cost of Inputs
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 35.8 60.2 4.0 -31.7 33.6 64.1 2.3 -31.3
Q4:19-20 36.2 56.9 6.9 -29.3 31.7 63.9 4.5 -27.2
Q1:20-21 24.5 58.8 16.7 -7.8 32.6 62.7 4.7 -28.0
Q2:20-21 34.6 56.9 8.4 -26.2 25.8 63.6 10.6 -15.2
Q3:20-21 33.2 61.5 5.2 -28.0 30.6 63.1 6.4 -24.2
Q4:20-21         34.0 61.1 4.8 -29.2
‘Decrease’ in Cost of Inputs is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S9: Assessment and Expectation for Selling Price
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 9.8 76.3 13.9 -4.0 12.7 78.8 8.6 4.1
Q4:19-20 11.1 77.8 11.1 0.0 11.7 79.2 9.0 2.7
Q1:20-21 3.0 71.2 25.8 -22.9 12.5 76.0 11.4 1.1
Q2:20-21 6.1 75.1 18.8 -12.6 6.1 75.4 18.6 -12.5
Q3:20-21 7.0 76.0 16.9 -9.9 7.8 79.1 13.2 -5.4
Q4:20-21         11.3 77.7 11.0 0.3
‘Increase’ in Selling Price is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S10: Assessment and Expectation for Profit Margin
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 19.2 52.9 27.9 -8.7 27.2 53.4 19.4 7.8
Q4:19-20 19.4 56.0 24.6 -5.2 26.4 57.0 16.6 9.8
Q1:20-21 3.5 37.7 58.7 -55.2 23.0 59.7 17.3 5.7
Q2:20-21 12.4 45.8 41.9 -29.5 13.4 48.5 38.1 -24.8
Q3:20-21 19.0 50.8 30.2 -11.1 20.5 52.7 26.8 -6.3
Q4:20-21         21.6 58.3 20.2 1.4
‘Increase’ in Profit Margin is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S11: Assessment and Expectation for Inventories
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 15.1 74.2 10.7 4.4 18.1 73.1 8.8 9.2
Q4:19-20 16.7 72.2 11.0 5.7 13.8 78.2 8.0 5.7
Q1:20-21 13.5 63.5 23.0 -9.6 16.9 73.9 9.2 7.7
Q2:20-21 14.4 65.3 20.3 -5.9 14.5 68.8 16.7 -2.2
Q3:20-21 17.9 70.2 11.9 6.0 15.9 69.6 14.6 1.3
Q4:20-21         20.6 71.2 8.3 12.3
‘Increase’ in Inventories is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S12: Assessment and Expectation for Technical/Service Capacity
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 18.2 80.6 1.2 17.0 19.6 78.3 2.1 17.4
Q4:19-20 16.8 81.0 2.2 14.6 18.6 80.1 1.3 17.3
Q1:20-21 9.2 79.2 11.5 -2.3 16.8 81.3 2.0 14.8
Q2:20-21 12.5 80.6 6.9 5.6 13.9 78.6 7.5 6.3
Q3:20-21 14.6 81.5 3.9 10.7 14.8 80.1 5.2 9.6
Q4:20-21         16.8 79.4 3.8 13.1
‘Increase’ in Technical/Service Capacity is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table S13: Assessment and Expectation for Physical Investment
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 18.3 79.5 2.2 16.1 18.2 77.8 4.0 14.2
Q4:19-20 18.5 77.4 4.2 14.3 18.0 80.1 1.9 16.1
Q1:20-21 11.7 72.8 15.6 -3.9 15.4 79.5 5.1 10.2
Q2:20-21 8.0 82.7 9.3 -1.4 13.9 75.3 10.8 3.2
Q3:20-21 13.2 79.4 7.4 5.7 8.5 84.0 7.5 1.1
Q4:20-21         14.0 80.8 5.2 8.7
‘Increase’ in Physical Investment is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Infrastructure Sector

Table I1: Assessment and Expectation for Overall Business Situation
(Percentage responses)@
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Better No Change Worse Net response# Better No Change Worse Net response
Q3:19-20 33.1 50.3 16.6 16.6 42.1 43.2 14.7 27.4
Q4:19-20 34.6 47.7 17.7 16.9 49.7 39.9 10.5 39.2
Q1:20-21 13.3 28.6 58.1 -44.8 50.8 40.0 9.2 41.5
Q2:20-21 25.2 38.6 36.2 -11.0 29.5 46.7 23.8 5.7
Q3:20-21 35.2 45.8 19.0 16.2 34.4 46.1 19.5 14.8
Q4:20-21         47.1 43.5 9.4 37.7
‘Increase’ in Overall business situation is optimistic.
@: Due to rounding off percentage may not add up to 100.
#: Net Response (NR) is the difference of percentage of the respondents reporting optimism and that reporting pessimism. The range is -100 to 100. Any value greater than zero indicates expansion/ optimism and any value less than zero indicates contraction/ pessimism.

Table I2: Assessment and Expectation for Turnover
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 36.3 40.8 22.9 13.4 47.3 37.6 15.1 32.3
Q4:19-20 34.4 45.3 20.3 14.1 45.5 42.2 12.3 33.1
Q1:20-21 9.7 29.1 61.2 -51.5 42.2 47.7 10.2 32.0
Q2:20-21 23.4 35.9 40.6 -17.2 24.5 45.1 30.4 -5.9
Q3:20-21 29.8 44.0 26.2 3.5 38.1 41.3 20.6 17.5
Q4:20-21         41.8 48.2 9.9 31.9
‘Increase’ in Turnover is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I3: Assessment and Expectation for Full-time Employees
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 14.1 67.3 18.6 -4.5 24.2 65.3 10.5 13.7
Q4:19-20 16.2 68.5 15.4 0.8 16.4 73.7 9.9 6.6
Q1:20-21 4.8 68.3 26.9 -22.1 20.5 70.1 9.4 11.0
Q2:20-21 3.9 66.1 29.9 -26.0 7.7 70.2 22.1 -14.4
Q3:20-21 7.1 71.6 21.3 -14.2 8.8 74.4 16.8 -8.0
Q4:20-21         14.3 74.3 11.4 2.9
‘Increase’ in Full-time Employees is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I4: Assessment and Expectation for Part-time Employees
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 8.6 82.8 8.6 0.0 16.1 71.0 12.9 3.2
Q4:19-20 5.5 85.0 9.4 -3.9 10.7 80.5 8.7 2.0
Q1:20-21 3.9 63.1 33.0 -29.1 10.2 81.3 8.6 1.6
Q2:20-21 5.6 69.6 24.8 -19.2 9.8 71.6 18.6 -8.8
Q3:20-21 8.7 76.8 14.5 -5.8 10.6 76.4 13.0 -2.4
Q4:20-21         12.6 77.8 9.6 3.0
‘Increase’ in Part-time Employees is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I5: Assessment and Expectation for Availability of Finance
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Improve No Change Worsen Net response Improve No Change Worsen Net response
Q3:19-20 14.9 66.2 18.8 -3.9 25.0 56.5 18.5 6.5
Q4:19-20 14.5 69.4 16.1 -1.6 22.4 68.4 9.2 13.2
Q1:20-21 7.0 64.0 29.0 -22.0 25.2 64.2 10.6 14.6
Q2:20-21 14.4 60.8 24.8 -10.4 14.7 66.7 18.6 -3.9
Q3:20-21 18.6 62.1 19.3 -0.7 21.8 58.1 20.2 1.6
Q4:20-21         23.0 64.0 12.9 10.1
‘Improve’ in Availability of Finance is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I6: Assessment and Expectation for Cost of Finance
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 33.1 57.8 9.1 -24.0 23.1 58.2 18.7 -4.4
Q4:19-20 27.4 63.7 8.9 -18.5 24.3 66.2 9.5 -14.9
Q1:20-21 29.1 56.3 14.6 -14.6 23.2 66.4 10.4 -12.8
Q2:20-21 24.4 63.4 12.2 -12.2 28.7 59.4 11.9 -16.8
Q3:20-21 20.3 73.2 6.5 -13.8 27.6 65.9 6.5 -21.1
Q4:20-21         24.6 68.1 7.2 -17.4
‘Decrease’ in Cost of Finance is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I7: Assessment and Expectation for Salary/Wages
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 28.4 62.6 9.0 -19.4 30.4 63.0 6.5 -23.9
Q4:19-20 25.0 67.2 7.8 -17.2 28.3 67.8 3.9 -24.3
Q1:20-21 18.6 59.8 21.6 2.9 37.5 61.7 0.8 -36.7
Q2:20-21 12.0 64.8 23.2 11.2 21.8 60.4 17.8 -4.0
Q3:20-21 19.3 70.0 10.7 -8.6 23.4 71.0 5.6 -17.7
Q4:20-21         22.5 71.7 5.8 -16.7
‘Decrease’ in Salary/Wages is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I8: Assessment and Expectation for Cost of Inputs
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 38.9 58.4 2.7 -36.2 35.2 60.2 4.5 -30.7
Q4:19-20 39.3 55.7 4.9 -34.4 37.1 58.7 4.2 -32.9
Q1:20-21 31.6 58.2 10.2 -21.4 36.1 58.8 5.0 -31.1
Q2:20-21 36.1 59.7 4.2 -31.9 31.6 62.2 6.1 -25.5
Q3:20-21 38.2 56.6 5.1 -33.1 44.4 53.8 1.7 -42.7
Q4:20-21         42.2 56.3 1.5 -40.7
‘Decrease’ in Cost of Inputs is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I9: Assessment and Expectation for Selling Price
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 7.6 78.0 14.4 -6.8 19.7 65.8 14.5 5.3
Q4:19-20 8.0 74.3 17.7 -9.7 12.5 78.9 8.6 3.9
Q1:20-21 7.4 66.0 26.6 -19.1 10.8 74.8 14.4 -3.6
Q2:20-21 8.9 63.4 27.7 -18.8 7.5 68.8 23.7 -16.1
Q3:20-21 8.7 75.4 15.9 -7.1 10.9 68.2 20.9 -10.0
Q4:20-21         15.2 72.8 12.0 3.2
‘Increase’ in Selling Price is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I10: Assessment and Expectation for Profit Margin
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 11.3 60.7 28.0 -16.7 18.9 55.6 25.6 -6.7
Q4:19-20 11.6 56.2 32.2 -20.7 17.4 59.0 23.6 -6.3
Q1:20-21 2.9 33.0 64.1 -61.2 18.6 58.5 22.9 -4.2
Q2:20-21 7.3 43.5 49.2 -41.9 11.9 44.6 43.6 -31.7
Q3:20-21 11.3 53.9 34.8 -23.4 17.4 47.9 34.7 -17.4
Q4:20-21         21.0 54.3 24.6 -3.6
‘Increase’ in Profit Margin is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I11: Assessment and Expectation for Inventories
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 17.0 74.1 8.8 8.2 18.6 68.6 12.8 5.8
Q4:19-20 15.8 71.7 12.5 3.3 17.5 72.0 10.5 7.0
Q1:20-21 17.0 68.0 15.0 2.0 16.9 73.7 9.3 7.6
Q2:20-21 12.4 75.2 12.4 0.0 14.3 72.4 13.3 1.0
Q3:20-21 12.9 75.0 12.1 0.8 18.0 69.7 12.3 5.7
Q4:20-21         16.8 73.3 9.9 6.9
‘Increase’ in Inventories is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I12: Assessment and Expectation for Technical/Service Capacity
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 18.0 78.1 3.9 14.1 20.3 77.0 2.7 17.6
Q4:19-20 14.0 82.2 3.7 10.3 16.7 80.2 3.2 13.5
Q1:20-21 4.4 79.1 16.5 -12.1 14.7 82.6 2.8 11.9
Q2:20-21 5.6 85.2 9.3 -3.7 8.8 80.2 11.0 -2.2
Q3:20-21 9.2 83.3 7.5 1.7 9.5 82.9 7.6 1.9
Q4:20-21         10.0 85.0 5.0 5.0
‘Increase’ in Technical/Service Capacity is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

Table I13: Assessment and Expectation for Physical Investment
(Percentage responses)
Quarter Assessment Expectation
Increase No Change Decrease Net response Increase No Change Decrease Net response
Q3:19-20 18.9 75.6 5.5 13.4 25.3 66.7 8.0 17.3
Q4:19-20 16.8 79.4 3.7 13.1 21.1 74.0 4.9 16.3
Q1:20-21 6.7 71.9 21.3 -14.6 20.2 76.9 2.9 17.3
Q2:20-21 10.7 75.7 13.6 -2.9 9.1 72.7 18.2 -9.1
Q3:20-21 9.4 82.1 8.5 0.9 17.6 72.5 9.8 7.8
Q4:20-21         14.8 77.4 7.8 7.0
‘Increase’ in Physical Investment is optimistic. Footnotes @ and # given in Table 1 are applicable here.

1 सर्वेक्षण की पृष्ठभूमि और उसकी विधियों के पक्ष का प्रकाशन आरबीआइ बुलेटिन के दिसंबर 2020 अंक में ‘सर्विसेज एंड इन्फ्रास्ट्रक्चर आउटलुक सर्वे-रीसेंट ट्रेंड्स’ आर्टिकल में किया गया है (वेब लिंक: https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_ViewBulletin.aspx?Id=19962)

सर्वेक्षण के परिणाम उत्तरदाताओं के अभिमतों का प्रदर्शन करते हैं, जिन्हें भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक साझा करे इसकी कोई अनिवार्यता नहीं है।

2 निवल उत्तर वह अंतर है जो आशावादिता रिपोर्ट करनेवाले उत्तरदाताओं और निराशावादिता रिपोर्ट करनेवाले उत्तरदाताओं के प्रतिशत के बीच में है। इसकी रेंज -100 से 100 के बीच है। शून्य से अधिक कोई भी मूल्य विस्तार/ आशावादिता का द्योतक है और शून्य से कम कोई भी मूल्य संकुचन/ निराशावादिता का द्योतक है। अन्य शब्दों में निवल उत्तर(नेट रिस्पॉन्स)=(I – D) जहाँ I ‘वृद्धि/ आशावादिता’ का प्रतिशत दर्शाता है और D ‘कमी/ निराशावादिता’ का प्रतिशत व्यक्त करता है और E ‘अपरिवर्तित/ समान’ का प्रतिशत दर्शाता है (अर्थात I+D+E=100)। उदाहरणार्थ, उत्पादन में वृद्धि आशावादिता का द्योतक है जबकि कच्ची सामग्री की लागत में कमी आसाशावादिता का द्योतक है।


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