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Date : Aug 06, 2020
OBICUS Survey on the Manufacturing sector – Q4:2019-20

Today, the Reserve Bank released the results of the 49th round of the Order Books, Inventories and Capacity Utilisation Survey (OBICUS) for the quarter January-March 2020 covering 364 manufacturing companies. The survey provides a snapshot of demand conditions in India’s manufacturing sector1.

Highlights:

1) Capacity Utilisation (CU): In the last quarter of 2019-20, CU at the aggregate level increased to 69.9 per cent from 68.6 percent in the previous quarter; it was, however, was much lower vis-à-vis the corresponding quarter a year ago (76.1 per cent). The CU broadly tracks the de-trended index of industrial production (IIP) (Chart 1). Seasonally adjusted CU remained stable at 68.3 per cent in Q4:2019-20 (68.4 per cent in the previous quarter).

Chart 1

2) Order Books: Manufacturing companies received fewer new orders in Q4:2019-20 as compared with their level a year ago; a marginal decline in new orders was also reported vis-a-vs the previous quarter (Chart 2).

Chart 2

3) Finished Goods Inventory (FGI) to Sales Ratio: The FGI to sales ratio remained stable as both FGI and sales recorded similar decline for the reporting companies during Q4:2019-20 (Chart 3).

4) Raw Material Inventory (RMI) to Sales Ratio: The RMI to sales ratio surged during Q4:2019-20 reflecting subdued demand conditions (Chart 3).

Chart 3

Historical time series have been made available in excel format.


ANNEX 1: Data Tables

Table 1.1: IIP*-Manufacturing and Capacity Utilisation (CU)
Quarter Number of responding companies Capacity Utilisation IIP-Manufacturing
(Quarterly Average)
De-trended Quarterly IIP-Manufacturing
Q4: 2018-19 802 76.1 136.5 6.10
Q1:2019-20 781 73.6 130.3 -0.94
Q2:2019-20 819 69.1 129.4 -2.66
Q3:2019-20 700 68.6 130.8 -2.07
Q4:2019-20 349 69.9 128.1 -5.58
*: Index of Industrial Production (Base: 2011-12)

Table 1.2: Order Books (Q4:2018-19 to Q4:2019-20)
(Based on common set of 75 companies in 9 quarters)**
Quarter Amount (₹ Crores) Q-o-Q Growth (%)*** Y-o-Y Growth (%)
Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders
Q4: 2018-19 110.9 150.3 112.2 -0.1 7.7 1.2 0.7 1.0 3.8
Q1:2019-20 112.0 159.1 132.5 0.9 5.8 18.1 3.1 20.4 27.3
Q2:2019-20 132.5 138.8 138.0 18.4 -12.7 4.1 27.3 -7.9 24.3
Q3:2019-20 137.8 136.1 142.9 4.0 -1.9 3.6 24.1 -2.4 29.0
Q4:2019-20 142.3 134.5 143.0 3.3 -1.2 0.0 28.3 -10.5 27.4
**: As required for calculating growth rates in recent 5 quarters.
***: Not seasonally adjusted

Table 1.3: Average Sales and Inventories (Q4:2018-19to Q4:2019-20)
(Based on common set of 194 companies in 5 quarters)
Quarter Amount (₹ Crores) Ratio (per cent)
Average Sales Average Total Inv Average FG Inv Average WiP Inv Average RM Inv Total Inv/ Sales FG Inv/ Sales RM Inv/ Sales
Q4: 2018-19 846.0 458.1 192.2 59.9 247.1 54.1 22.7 29.2
Q1:2019-20 826.6 480.7 146.0 63.2 271.6 58.2 17.7 32.9
Q2:2019-20 824.3 434.9 135.0 60.6 239.2 52.8 16.4 29.0
Q3:2019-20 830.0 458.8 143.4 60.0 255.4 55.3 17.3 30.8
Q4:2019-20 756.5 447.1 130.8 38.5 278.0 59.1 17.3 36.7
RM - Raw Material; WiP - Work in progress; FG - Finished Goods; Inv – Inventory.

1 The survey responses are voluntary. The 48th round of the OBICUS covering 704 manufacturing companies with reference period as October-December 2019 was released on the RBI website on April 03, 2020.


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