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Date : Apr 03, 2020
OBICUS Survey on the Manufacturing sector –Q3:2019-20

Today, the Reserve Bank released the results of the 48th round of the Order Books, Inventories and Capacity Utilisation Survey (OBICUS) for the quarter October-December 2019 covering 704 manufacturing companies. The survey provides a snapshot of demand conditions in India’s manufacturing sector1.

Highlights:

1) Capacity Utilisation (CU): At the aggregate level, CU declined to 68.6 per cent in Q3:2019-20 from 69.1 percent in the previous quarter. The CU broadly tracks the de-trended index of industrial production (IIP) (Chart 1). Seasonally adjusted CU also declined by 1.8 percentage points to 68.2 per cent in Q3:2019-20.

Chart 1

2) Order Books: Orders received in Q3:2019-20 were lower compared with previous quarter as well as with the level a year ago (Chart 2).

Chart 2

3) Finished Goods Inventory (FGI) to Sales Ratio: The FGI to sales ratio declined marginally in Q3:2019-20, while sales fell at faster pace than FGI (Chart 3).

4) Raw Material Inventory (RMI) to Sales Ratio: The rise in RMI to sales ratio was on account of increase in inventories and moderation in sales (Chart 3).

Chart 3

Historical time series have been made available in excel format.


ANNEX 1: Data Tables

Table 1.1: IIP*-Manufacturing and Capacity Utilisation (CU)
Quarter Number of responding companies Capacity Utilisation IIP-Manufacturing (Quarterly Average) De-trended Quarterly IIP-Manufacturing
Q3: 2018-19 860 75.9 132.2 1.99
Q4: 2018-19 802 76.1 136.5 5.31
Q1:2019-20 781 73.6 130.3 -1.79
Q2:2019-20 819 69.1 129.4 -3.71
Q3:2019-20 700 68.6 130.4 -3.60
*: Index of Industrial Production (Base: 2011-12)

Table 1.2: Order Books (Q3:2018-19 to Q3:2019-20)
(Based on common set of 115 companies in 9 quarters)**
Quarter Amount (₹ Crores) Q-o-Q Growth (%)*** Y-o-Y Growth (%)
Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders
Q3: 2018-19 115.1 150.0 113.9 8.8 -7.8 -1.0 13.2 0.5 3.8
Q4: 2018-19 113.7 164.7 118.3 -1.2 9.9 3.9 3.4 2.7 9.3
Q1:2019-20 118.1 166.7 134.5 3.8 1.2 13.7 8.6 16.3 27.2
Q2:2019-20 134.3 148.9 137.8 13.7 -10.7 2.5 27.0 -8.4 19.8
Q3:2019-20 138.1 144.9 143.5 2.8 -2.7 4.1 20.0 -3.4 26.0
**: As required for calculating growth rates in recent 5 quarters.
***: Not seasonally adjusted

Table 1.3: Average Sales and Inventories (Q3:2018-19 to Q3:2019-20)
(Based on common set of 344 companies in 5 quarters)
Quarter Amount (₹ Crores) Ratio (per cent)
Average Sales Average Total Inv Average FG Inv Average WiP Inv Average RM Inv Total Inv/Sales FG Inv/Sales RM Inv/Sales
Q3:2018-19 783.3 421.0 116.8 79.8 224.4 53.8 14.9 28.7
Q4: 2018-19 753.9 348.6 110.8 53.4 184.5 46.2 14.7 24.5
Q1:2019-20 709.8 359.9 111.0 57.3 191.6 50.7 15.6 27.0
Q2: 2019-20 614.9 326.3 106.0 51.0 169.4 53.1 17.2 27.5
Q3: 2019-20 598.8 332.2 100.7 52.0 179.5 55.5 16.8 30.0
RM - Raw Material; WiP - Work in progress; FG - Finished Goods; Inv – Inventory.

1The survey responses are voluntary. The 47th round of the OBICUS covering 866 manufacturing companies with reference period as July-September 2019 was released on the RBI website on February 06, 2020.


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