Master Circulars


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Master Circular on Remittance facilities for Non-Resident Indians/ Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals

RBI/2004-05/4
Master Circular No. / 4 /2004-05

July 1, 2004

To,

All Authorised Dealers in Foreign Exchange

Madam/Sir,

Master Circular- Remittance facilities for Non-Resident Indians/ Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals

Remittance facilities for Non-Residents/Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals are being governed by sub-section (1) and (2) of section 6 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 read with FEMA Notification No.13/2000-RB and FEMA Notification No. 21/2000-RB both dated May 3, 2000 as amended from time to time.


2. This Master Circular consolidates the existing instructions on the subject of 'Remittance facilities for Non-Resident Indians/Persons of Indian Origin/ Foreign Nationals' at one place. The list of underlying circulars/notifications is set out at Annex.

3.. As recommended by the Committee on Procedures and Performance Audit on Public Services (CPPAPS) (Chairman : Shri S. S. Tarapore) set up by the Reserve Bank, this Master Circular is being issued with a sunset clause of one year. This circular will stand withdrawn on July 1, 2005 and be replaced by an updated Master Circular on the subject.

Yours faithfully,

 

Grace Koshie
Chief General Manager


 

Annex

List of circulars which have been consolidated in this Master Circular on

Remittance facilities for Non-Resident Indians/Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals

Sr.No.

AP(DIR Series) Circular No.

Dated

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.45

May 14, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.1

July 2, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.5

July 15, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.19

September 12, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.26

September 28, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.27

September 28, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.35

November 01, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.40

November 5, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.46

November 12, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.56

November 26, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.59

December 9, 2002

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.67

January 13, 2003

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.101

May 5, 2003

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.104

May 31, 2003

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.43

December 8, 2003

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.45

December 8, 2003

 

AP (DIR Series) Circular No.62

January 31, 2004

 

Notifications issued

Notification No. FEMA 62/2002-RB

May 13, 2002

 

Notification No.FEMA 65/2002-RB

June 29,2002

 

Notification No.FEMA 93/2003-RB

June 9, 2003

 

Notification No.FEMA 97/2003-RB

July 8, 2003

 


 

INDEX

Remittance facilities for NRIs/PIO and Foreign Nationals.

1.

Remittance of assets by a foreign national of non-Indian origin

2.

Remittance of assets by NRI/PIO

3.

Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRIs/PIO out of foreign exchange

4.

Remittance of current income

5.

Facilities for students

6.

Income –tax clearance

7.

International Credit Cards

 


 

Remittance facilities for NRIs/PIO and Foreign Nationals

The guidelines for transfer of assets outside India by a person whether resident in India or not are given in the Notifications No. FEMA 13/2000-RB and FEMA 21/2000-RB both dated May 3, 2000 and the amendments issued thereto from time to time.

According to the above Notifications, remittance of capital assets in India held by a person whether resident in or outside India would require approval of the Reserve Bank except to the extent provided in the Act or Rules or Regulations made under the Act.

1. Remittance of assets by a foreign national of non-Indian origin

1.1 A foreign national of non-Indian origin who has retired from an employment in India or who has inherited assets from a person resident in India or who is a widow of an Indian citizen resident in India may remit an amount not exceeding USD one million, per calendar year, on production of documentary evidence in support of acquisition/ inheritance of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.

1.2 These remittance facilities are not available to a citizen of Nepal and Bhutan.

1.3 The remittance facility in respect of sale proceeds of immovable property is not available to a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.


2. Remittance of assets by NRI/PIO

2.1 A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) or a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) may remit an amount upto USD one million, per calendar year, out of the balances held in his Non-Resident (Ordinary) Rupee (NRO) account/sale proceeds of assets (inclusive of assets acquired by way of inheritance), for all bonafide purposes, to the satisfaction of the authorized dealer, on production of an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.

2.2 NRI/PIO may remit sale proceeds of immovable property purchased by him out of Rupee funds or as a person resident in India as indicated in para 2.1 above, provided such a property was held by him for a period not less than ten years. If such a property is sold after being held for less than ten years, remittance can be made, if the sale proceeds were held for the balance period in NRO account (Savings/Term Deposit) or in any other eligible investment, provided such investment is traced to the sale proceeds of the immovable property to the satisfaction of the authorized dealer.

2.3 In respect of remittance of sale proceeds of assets acquired by way of inheritance or legacy for which there is no lock-in period, NRI/PIO may submit documentary evidence in support of inheritance or legacy of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.

2.4 The remittance facility in respect of sale proceeds of immovable property is not available to a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.


3. Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRIs/PIO out of foreign exchange

3.1 There is no lock-in period for sale of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchange. However, repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchange is restricted to not more than two such properties.

3.2 Authorized dealers may permit repatriation of amounts representing the refund of application/earnest money/purchase consideration made by the house building agencies/seller on account of non-allotment of flat/plot/cancellation of bookings/deals for purchase of residential/ commercial property, together with interest, if any (net of income tax payable thereon), provided the original payment was made out of NRE/FCNR account of the account holder, or remittance from outside India through normal banking channels and the authorized dealer is satisfied about the genuineness of the transaction. Such funds may also be credited to the NRE/FCNR account of the NRIs/PIO, if they so desire.

3.3 Authorized dealers may allow repatriation of sale proceeds of residential accommodation purchased by NRIs/PIO out of funds raised by them by way of loans from the authorized dealers/housing finance institutions to the extent of such loan/s repaid by them out of foreign inward remittances received through normal banking channel or by debit to their NRE/FCNR accounts.


4. Remittance of current income

4.1 Remittance of current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest etc. of NRIs/PIO who do not maintain NRO Account is freely allowed, on the basis of appropriate certification by a Chartered Accountant certifying that the amount proposed to be remitted is eligible for remittance and that applicable taxes have been paid/provided for.

4.2 NRIs/PIO have the option to credit the current income to their Non-Resident (External) Rupee account, provided the authorized dealer is satisfied that the credit represents current income of the non-resident account holder and income tax thereon has been deducted/provided for.


5. Facilities for students

5.1 Students going abroad for studies are treated as Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) and are eligible for all the facilities available to NRIs under FEMA.

5.2 As Non-Residents, they will be eligible to receive remittances from India (i) upto USD 100,000 from close relatives in India on self declaration towards maintenance, which could include remittances towards their studies also and (ii) upto USD 1 million out of sale proceeds of assets/balances in their account maintained with an AD in India. Restriction in respect of remittance of sale proceeds of immovable property as indicated in para 2.2 above shall apply.

5.3 All other facilities available to NRIs under FEMA are equally applicable to the students.

5.4 Educational and other loans availed of by them as residents in India will continue to be available as per FEMA regulations.


6. Income- tax clearance

The remittances will be allowed to be made by the authorized dealers on production of an undertaking by the remitter and a Certificate from a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes, Ministry of Finance, Government of India in their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002. [cf. Our AP(DIR Series) Circular No.56 dated November 26,2002].


7. International Credit Cards

Authorized dealers have been permitted to issue International Credit Cards to NRIs/PIO, without prior approval of RBI. Such transactions may be settled by inward remittance or out of balances held in the cardholder’s FCNR/NRE/Non-Resident (Ordinary) Rupee accounts.



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