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Date : Sep 15, 2019
Table 131 : India’s Overall Balance of Payments - US Dollars
(US $ million)
Item/Year 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 318607 466216 -147609 316545 461484 -144940 266365 396444 -130079
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 233569 118256 115313 241645 123564 118081 235044 127116 107928
a) Services 151813 78747 73066 158107 81578 76529 154311 84635 69676
i) Travel 17922 11810 6112 20334 15306 5028 21268 14792 6476
ii) Transportation 17380 14792 2588 17485 16177 1308 14004 15080 -1076
iii) Insurance 2121 1116 1005 2202 1119 1084 2002 1151 852
iv) G.n.i.e. 488 979 -490 543 961 -418 579 869 -291
v) Miscellaneous 113902 50051 63851 117542 48016 69526 116458 52742 63716
of which : Software services 69483 2481 67002 73108 2708 70400 74153 2699 71454
Business services 28482 27189 1293 28422 27644 778 28994 31095 -2101
Financial services 6650 5814 835 5661 3580 2081 4944 3135 1809
Communication services 2410 1063 1347 1997 1023 975 2171 1001 1170
b) Transfers 70405 5129 65276 70141 4449 65692 66030 3403 62627
i) Official 767 972 -205 322 893 -572 438 950 -512
ii) Private 69638 4157 65481 69819 3555 66264 65592 2453 63139
c) Income 11352 34380 -23028 13397 37537 -24140 14703 39078 -24375
i) Investment income 8062 31583 -23521 9839 34801 -24962 11103 36840 -25737
ii) Compensation of employees 3290 2797 493 3558 2737 821 3600 2238 1362
Total Current account (1+2) 552176 584472 -32296 558190 585049 -26859 501410 523560 -22151
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 246766 220380 26386 308556 235100 73456 276433 244542 31891
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 43582 22018 21564 51796 20544 31251 59878 23857 36021
i) In India 36047 5284 30763 45147 9864 35283 55559 10652 44907
Equity 25275 4786 20489 31910 9612 22298 41112 10524 30587
Reinvested earnings 8978 - 8978 9988 - 9988 10413 0 10413
Other Capital 1794 498 1296 3249 252 2997 4034 128 3906
ii) Abroad 7535 16734 -9199 6649 10680 -4031 4320 13205 -8886
Equity 7535 12420 -4884 6649 3867 2782 4320 6486 -2166
Reinvested earnings 0 1167 -1167 0 3337 -3337 0 3337 -3337
Other capital 0 3148 -3148 0 3476 -3476 0 3382 -3382
b) Portfolio investment 203184 198362 4822 256761 214556 42205 216555 220685 -4130
i) In India 202332 197304 5029 256048 213854 42193 215707 219349 -3643
of which: FIIs 202312 197304 5009 254777 213854 40923 215334 219349 -4016
GDRs/ADRs 20 0 20 1271 0 1271 373 0 373
ii) Abroad 851 1058 -207 713 702 11 848 1335 -487
2. Loans (a+b+c) 134836 127071 7765 123355 120170 3184 120323 124957 -4634
a) External assistance 4659 3627 1032 5780 4054 1725 6123 4619 1505
i) By India 45 244 -199 60 388 -327 58 519 -461
ii) To India 4614 3383 1231 5719 3667 2053 6065 4099 1966
b) Commercial borrowings 30060 18283 11777 27847 26276 1570 24157 28686 -4529
i) By India 1642 581 1061 1611 273 1338 3297 1970 1326
ii) To India 28418 17702 10716 26236 26004 232 20860 26716 -5856
c) Short term to India 100117 105161 -5044 89729 89840 -111 90043 91653 -1610
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 99832 103861 -4029 87643 89230 -1587 87537 89735 -2198
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 285 1300 -1015 2086 610 1476 2506 1918 588
3. Banking capital (a+b) 108049 82601 25449 90094 78476 11618 88884 78254 10630
a) Commercial Banks 107556 82601 24955 88361 78476 9885 88848 77975 10873
i) Assets 14601 21224 -6623 17031 18546 -1515 19068 22776 -3709
ii) Liabilities 92955 61377 31578 71329 59930 11399 69781 55199 14582
of which: Non-Resident Deposits 87750 48858 38892 63262 49205 14057 59988 43936 16052
b) Others 494 0 494 1733 0 1733 36 279 -243
4. Rupee debt service 0 52 -52 0 81 -81 0 73 -73
5. Other capital 22171 32932 -10761 28914 27806 1109 24419 21103 3315
Total capital account (1 to 5) 511823 463035 48787 550919 461633 89286 510058 468930 41128
C. Errors & omissions 887 1870 -983 1089 2110 -1021 420 1493 -1073
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 1064886 1049378 15508 1110198 1048792 61406 1011888 993984 17905
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 10701 26209 -15508 0 61406 -61406 856 18761 -17905
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 10701 26209 -15508 0 61406 -61406 856 18761 -17905
of which: SDR Allocation - - - - - - - - -
(Continued)

TABLE 131 : INDIA'S OVERALL BALANCE OF PAYMENTS-
US DOLLAR (Concld.)
(US $ million)
Item/Year 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 280138 392580 -112442 308970 469006 -160036 337237 517519 -180283
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 242051 144025 98026 283406 172087 111319 306483 183457 123026
a) Services 164197 95852 68345 195089 117527 77562 208000 126060 81941
i) Travel 23244 16451 6792 28355 19516 8839 28441 21704 6737
ii) Transportation 15851 14132 1719 17441 17608 -166 19464 20529 -1065
iii) Insurance 2206 1496 710 2506 1700 806 2661 1790 871
iv) G.n.i.e. 588 600 -11 664 794 -130 610 1114 -504
v) Miscellaneous 122308 63174 59134 146122 77909 68213 156824 80922 75902
of which : Software services 74350 3587 70763 77326 5139 72186 83466 5812 77654
Business services 32946 32317 629 37346 36630 715 39112 40413 -1301
Financial services 5099 5852 -754 5164 5537 -373 4858 3486 1372
Communication services 2375 910 1465 2098 954 1144 2561 1130 1431
b) Transfers 61564 5581 55983 69455 7017 62438 76643 6697 69946
i) Official 268 857 -590 326 837 -511 247 902 -655
ii) Private 61296 4723 56573 69129 6180 62949 76396 5795 70601
c) Income 16291 42593 -26302 18862 47542 -28681 21839 50700 -28861
i) Investment income 12353 40050 -27697 14404 45243 -30839 17101 48321 -31219
ii) Compensation of employees 3937 2543 1395 4457 2299 2158 4738 2380 2358
Total Current account (1+2) 522189 536606 -14417 592376 641093 -48717 643719 700976 -57256
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 310522 267299 43224 359546 307145 52401 321776 291682 30094
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 70784 35172 35612 64461 34175 30286 64846 34134 30712
i) In India 60220 18005 42215 60974 21544 39431 62001 18699 43302
Equity 44701 17318 27383 45521 21325 24196 45055 18452 26604
Reinvested earnings 12343 - 12343 12542 - 12542 13672 - 13672
Other Capital 3176 687 2489 2911 219 2692 3274 247 3027
ii) Abroad 10564 17167 -6603 3487 12632 -9144 2845 15435 -12590
Equity 10564 9792 772 3487 5254 -1767 2845 7201 -4356
Reinvested earnings 0 2925 -2925 0 2853 -2853 0 3032 -3032
Other capital 0 4450 -4450 0 4525 -4525 0 5202 -5202
b) Portfolio investment 239738 232127 7612 295084 272969 22115 256930 257548 -618
i) In India 237514 229748 7766 293529 271364 22165 253714 254118 -405
of which: FIIs 237514 229748 7766 293529 271364 22165 251894 254118 -2225
GDRs/ADRs 0 0 0 0 0 0 1820 0 1820
ii) Abroad 2224 2378 -154 1556 1605 -50 3216 3429 -213
2. Loans (a+b+c) 120532 118153 2379 147111 130451 16660 94099 78249 15850
a) External assistance 6495 4482 2013 7718 4774 2944 8606 5192 3413
i) By India 58 231 -173 55 124 -69 47 120 -73
ii) To India 6437 4251 2186 7663 4650 3013 8559 5073 3487
b) Commercial borrowings 22584 28686 -6102 38879 39062 -183 42162 31746 10416
i) By India 4532 3044 1488 14292 13676 616 13862 13215 647
ii) To India 18052 25642 -7590 24587 25386 -799 28300 18531 9769
c) Short term to India 91453 84986 6467 100514 86614 13900 43332 41311 2021
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 89745 84797 4948 96756 86614 10142 27490 41311 -13821
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 1708 189 1519 3758 0 3758 15842 0 15842
3. Banking capital (a+b) 83669 100285 -16616 95673 79483 16190 92798 85365 7433
a) Commercial Banks 83381 100283 -16902 95255 79064 16191 91791 84664 7127
i) Assets 29654 28884 771 25532 25834 -302 22936 29633 -6697
ii) Liabilities 53727 71399 -17672 69723 53230 16493 68855 55031 13824
of which: Non-Resident Deposits 47639 60006 -12367 59544 49868 9676 59251 48864 10387
b) Others 288 2 286 417 419 -1 1007 702 306
4. Rupee debt service 0 99 -99 0 75 -75 0 31 -31
5. Other capital 35925 28366 7559 41282 35069 6213 33809 32751 1057
Total capital account (1 to 5) 550649 514202 36447 643612 552222 91390 542482 488080 54403
C. Errors & omissions 377 857 -480 1900 998 902 582 1068 -486
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 1073215 1051665 21550 1237887 1194313 43574 1186784 1190123 -3339
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 1242 22792 -21550 0 43574 -43574 17502 14162 3339
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 1242 22792 -21550 0 43574 -43574 17502 14162 3339
of which: SDR Allocation - - - - - - - - -
G.n.i.e. : Government not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2018-19 are preliminary estimates
2. Total may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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