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Date : Feb 07, 2019
OBICUS Survey on the Manufacturing sector – Q2:2018-19

Today, the Reserve Bank released the results of the 43rd round of the Order Books, Inventories and Capacity Utilisation Survey (OBICUS) for the quarter July-September 2018 covering 945 manufacturing companies. The survey provides a snapshot of demand conditions in India’s manufacturing sector1.

Highlights:

1) Capacity Utilisation (CU): At the aggregate level, CU rose to 74.8 per cent in Q2:2018-19, co-moving with the de-trended index of industrial production2 (IIP) (Chart 1). Seasonally adjusted CU also increased by 0.4 percentage point to 75.3 per cent in Q2:2018-19.

2) Order Books: New orders growth moderated in Q2:2018-19 (Chart 2).

3) Finished Goods Inventory (FGI) to Sales Ratio: In anticipation of higher demand in the festival season, producers might have stocked up on finished goods leading to increase in the level of FGI to sales ratio from the previous quarter, (Chart 3).

4) Raw Material Inventory (RMI) to Sales Ratio: The rise in sales during Q2:2018-19 brought the RMI to Sales ratio closer to trend level (Chart 3).

Historical time series have been made available in excel format.


ANNEX 1: Data Tables

Table 1.1: IIP*-Manufacturing and Capacity Utilisation (CU)
Quarter Number of responding companies Capacity Utilisation IIP-Manufacturing
(Quarterly Average)
De-trended Quarterly IIP-Manufacturing
Q2:2017-18 756 71.8 123.0 -2.4
Q3:2017-18 940 74.1 127.8 1.2
Q4:2017-18 921 75.2 134.6 6.8
Q1:2018-19 850 73.8 127.3 -1.6
Q2:2018-19 818 74.8 129.8 -0.3
*: Index of Industrial Production (Base: 2011-12)

Table 1.2: Order Books (Q2:2017-18 to Q2:2018-19)
(Based on common set of 106 companies in 9 quarters)**
Quarter Amount (₹ Billion) Q-o-Q Growth (%)*** Y-o-Y Growth (%)
Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders Average Backlog Orders Average New Order Book Average Pending Orders
Q2:2017-18 0.796 1.419 1.023 12.5 20.1 28.9 -10.6 45.8 18.8
Q3:2017-18 1.028 1.663 1.437 29.2 17.2 40.4 19.1 73.4 70.0
Q4:2017-18 1.440 1.228 1.285 40.0 -26.1 -10.6 71.3 11.9 83.0
Q1:2018-19 1.281 1.699 1.679 -11.0 38.3 30.7 81.1 43.8 111.4
Q2:2018-19 1.682 1.789 2.036 31.3 5.3 21.3 111.4 26.1 98.9
**: As required for calculating growth rates in recent 5 quarters.
***: Not seasonally adjusted

Table 1.3: Average Sales and Inventories (Q2:2017-18 to Q2:2018-19)
(Based on common set of 299 companies in 5 quarters)
Quarter Amount (₹ Billion) Ratio (per cent)
Average Sales Average Total Inv Average FG Inv Average WiP Inv Average RM Inv Total Inv /Sales FG Inv /Sales RM Inv /Sales
Q2:2017-18 10.487 3.926 1.423 0.381 2.122 37.4 13.6 20.2
Q3:2017-18 10.443 4.145 1.442 0.410 2.293 39.7 13.8 22.0
Q4:2017-18 11.076 4.407 1.487 0.411 2.510 39.8 13.4 22.7
Q1:2018-19 11.399 4.928 1.641 0.472 2.814 43.2 14.4 24.7
Q2:2018-19 12.462 5.323 1.897 0.569 2.857 42.7 15.2 22.9
RM - Raw Material; WiP - Work in progress; FG - Finished Goods; Inv – Inventory.

1 The survey responses are voluntary and difference in sample composition may affect the results to some extent. The 42nd round of the OBICUS covering 994 manufacturing companies with reference period as April-June 2018 was released on the RBI website on October 05, 2018.

2 IIP is calculated on a fixed base (currently 2011-12=100) whereas the denominator (viz. installed capacity) in CU is updated every quarter. For comparison, the trend component of IIP is removed.


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