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Private Corporate Investment: Growth in 2016-17 and Prospects for 2017-18
Date : Sep 11, 2017

This article attempts to capture investment intentions in fixed capital by private companies and joint business sectors, as a barometer of short-term business sentiment. The total cost of projects assisted by the select banks / financial institutions went up significantly in 2016-17; however, the actual capital expenditure, during 2016-17 by the private corporate sector declined for the sixth successive year.

1. Introduction

Capital expenditure (capex) of the private corporate sector is a key lead indicator of the investment climate in the economy. While these expenditures are set out in published annual accounts of companies, they are available with a considerable lag. In this article, an attempt has been made to analyse from the financiers’ side - the banking sector and financial institutions1; external commercial borrowings (ECBs)2/ foreign currency convertible bonds (FCCBs); initial public offerings (IPOs)/ follow-on public offerings (FPOs)/ rights issues; foreign direct investment (FDI) and private placements for the year 2016-17. Based on the phasing plans (ex ante) furnished by the companies at the time of appraisal, an estimate of the likely level of capex that would have been made during the year is obtained along with some tentative projections for 2017-18.

The rest of the article is organised in four sections. Section 2 outlines the methodology, including scope, coverage and limitations. Section 3 addresses the projects assisted or financed during 2016-17 and funding thereof. Section 4 describes the distributional aspects of projects over region and industries. Section 5 presents the outlook for corporate investment for 2017-18.

2. Methodology

The methodology adopted for estimation of capex is based on Rangarajan(1970)3. Briefly this involves estimation of capex based on projects in the private corporate sector that are financially assisted by banks/FIs. Details were obtained from banks/FIs and those financed through other sources such as ECBs/FCCBs/IPOs/FPOs/rights issues, ensuring that each project enters the information set only once, even if it is financed through more than one channel. Apart from banks/FIs, data are culled out of databases internal to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as well as information provided by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Projects not financed through any of the above mentioned channels or of a size lower than ₹ 100 million are not covered. Projects with private ownership below 51 per cent or undertaken by trusts, central and state governments, and educational institutions are also excluded.

By combining the information from various sources detailed above, an ex ante estimate of projects planned (investment intention) during a year is developed. Phasing details are applied to this estimation to obtain annual capex levels over the period of implementation. A caveat to be noted that it is assumed that companies adhere to their ex ante expenditure plans. These estimates differ in scope and methodology from the ex post estimates of corporate fixed investment available in the National Accounts Statistics (NAS) in view of the possibility that some of the ex ante intentions do not fructify into realised investment.

3. Projects Assisted/Financed: 2016-17

In 2016-17, 547 projects with a total cost of ₹ 1,828 billion were sanctioned financial assistance by banks/FIs. In addition, ECBs/FCCBs to the tune of ₹ 224 billion were contracted by 346 companies (Table 3) and 29 companies, which did not avail of financing from the banks/FIs, raised ₹ 12 billion for their capex needs through domestic equity issues (Table 4). Altogether, 922 companies made investment plans in 2016-17 aggregating ₹ 2,064 billion as against 700 companies with investment intentions totalling ₹ 1,351 billion in 2015-16.

Capex on a project is generally spread over multiple years. Companies are required to indicate the proposed plan for such expenditure while applying for financial assistance from lenders. The phasing details indicated that around 40 per cent (₹ 728 billion) of the total proposed expenditure would be spent in 2016-17, 23 per cent (₹ 420 billion) in 2017-18 and 20 per cent (₹ 372 billion) beyond. Around 17 per cent of total cost of the projects assisted in 2016-17 was spent during 2013-14 to 2015-16 (Table 1).

Table 1: Spending Pattern of Projects Sanctioned by Banks/FIs in 2015-16 and 2016-17
(Amount in ₹ billion)
Envisaged capex in the Year → 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Projects Sanctioned in 2015-16 Number of Projects : 346
  38
(4.1)
74
(8.1)
375
(40.9)
286
(31.2)
81
(8.8)
50
(5.4)
12
(1.3)
2
(0.2)
-
-
918
(100)
Projects Sanctioned in 2016-17 Number of Projects: 547
  14
(0.7)
40
(2.2)
254
(13.9)
728
(39.8)
420
(23.0)
223
(12.2)
87
(4.7)
40
(2.2)
22
(1.2)
1,828
(100)
- : Nil/Negligible.
Note: Figures in the brackets denote percentage share in the total cost of projects.

Thus, the aggregate capex planned to be incurred in 2016-17 showed a marginal improvement over the previous year. The large increase in sanctions by banks/ FIs in 2016-17 did not translate into a commensurate increase in the envisaged capex due to the higher share of high value or mega projects with well-spread phasing plans.

Capex planned to be incurred from resources raised from abroad declined by 48.6 per cent from its level a year ago.

The capital market (equity route) enabled financing of envisaged capex of ₹36 billion (total under column 11 of Table 4) in 2016-17, which was significantly higher than in the previous year.

In sum, it is assessed that a total capex of ₹ 1,548 billion would have been incurred by the private corporate sector in 2016-17, of which ₹883 billion would be from fresh sanctions during the year. The year 2016-17 marked the sixth successive annual contraction in the private corporate sector’s capex plans (Table 5).

Table 2: Phasing of Capex of Institutionally Assisted Projects by Banks/FIs
Year of sanction ↓ Project Cost in the Year of Sanction (in ₹ billion) Project Cost due to Revision/ Cancellation@ (in ₹ billion) Envisaged capex during years (in ₹ billion)
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Beyond 2017-18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
up to 2008-09 9,906 8,162 (17.6) 2,329 1412 904 444 131 46          
2009-10 5,560 4,095 (26.3) 436 1,324 1,161 747 314 77 34        
2010-11 4,603 3,752 (18.5) 3 286 1,071 1,046 788 464 85 1 9    
2011-12 2,120 1,916 (9.6)   57 230 669 554 282 95 29 -    
2012-13 1,963 1,895 (3.5)     1 367 567 490 273 112 65 20  
2013-14 1,340 1,273 (5.0)       13 151 348 449 199 71 42  
2014-15 876 873 (0.4)         1 148 346 259 95 24  
2015-16 954 918 (3.7)           38 74 375 286 81 64
2016-17 1,828             14 40 254 728 420 372
Grand Total #     2,768 3,079 3,367 3,286 2,506 1,907 1,396 1,229 1,254 587 436
Percentage change       11.2 9.4 -2.4 -23.7 -23.9 -26.8 -12.0 2.0 *  
#: column totals indicate envisaged capex in a particular year covering the projects which received financial assistance in various years. The estimate is ex ante, incorporating only envisaged investment, they are different from those actually realized/utilised.
*: Per cent change for 2017-18 is not worked out as capex from proposals that are likely to be sanctioned in 2017-18 is not available.
@ : Figures in bracket are percentage of cancellation

Table 3: Phasing of Capex of Projects* Funded through ECBs/FCCBs/RDBs **
Loans contracted in No. of Companies Total loan contracted (in ₹ billion) Envisaged drawal schedule of capex (₹ Billion)
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Beyond 2017-18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Upto 2008-09 1,975 1,739 417 140 1                
2009-10 255 324   148 143 22 2            
2010-11 302 316     174 109 27 5          
2011-12 438 379       252 128 19 1        
2012-13 519 660         378 203 63 13      
2013-14 563 803           562 210 31 3    
2014-15 478 572             368 168 32 6  
2015-16 314 388               290 73 26  
2016-17 346 224                 150 60 14
Total& 4,844 5,182 417 288 318 383 534 788 642 502 258 92 14
percentage change         10.3 20.6 39.4 47.5 -18.6 -21.8 -48.6 #  
*: Projects which did not receive assistance from banks/FIs
**:Rupee Denominated Bonds (RDBs) included only in the year 2016-17
#: Per cent change for 2017-18 is not worked out as capex from proposals that are likely to drawn in 2017-18 is not available
&: The estimate is ex ante, incorporating only envisaged investment, they are different from those actually realised/utilised

Table 4: Phasing of Capex of Projects Funded through Equity Issues*
Equity issued during No. of Companies Capex Envisaged (₹ billion) Implementation Schedule (₹ billion)
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Beyond 2017-18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Upto 2008-09 179 214 208 6                  
2009-10 19 18 2 8 7 1              
2010-11 30 21   1 12 6 2            
2011-12 21 10     2 5 3            
2012-13 25 11         5 5 1        
2013-14 21 5             4 1      
2014-15 24 11             2 6 3    
2015-16 40 45               6 28 11  
2016-17 29 12                 5 4 3
Total& 388 347 210 15 21 12 10 5 7 13 36 15 3
Percentage change         40.0 -42.9 -16.7 -50.0 40.0 85.7 177.0 #  
* :Projects which did not receive assistance from banks/FIs/ECBs/FCCBs/RDBs
#: Per cent change for 2017-18 is not worked out as capex from proposals that are likely to be implemented in 2017-18 is not available
&: The estimate is ex ante, incorporating only envisaged investment, they are different from those actually realised /utilised.

Table 5: Phasing of Capex of Projects Funded through Banks/IPOs/ECBs/FCCBs/RDBs*/IPOs
Year of sanction ↓ No. of Companies Project Cost
(₹ billion)
Envisaged capex in the Year (₹ billion)
Banks/ FIs, ECBs/ FC- CBs/RDBs/ IPOs 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Beyond 2017-18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Upto 2008-09 6,307 11,428 2,954 1,558 905 444 131 46 - - - - -
2009-10 1,003 4,436 438 1,480 1,311 770 316 77 34 - - - -
2010-11 1,029 4,089 3 287 1,257 1,161 817 469 85 1 9 - -
2011-12 1,095 2,305 - 57 232 926 685 301 96 29 - - -
2012-13 958 2,566 - - 1 367 950 698 337 125 65 20 -
2013-14 1,056 2,081 - - - 13 151 910 663 231 74 42 -
2014-15 828 1,456 - - - - 1 148 716 433 130 30 -
2015-16 700 1,351 - - - - - 38 74 671 387 118 67
2016-17 922 2,064 - - - - - 14 40 254 883 484 389
Total #     3,395 3,382 3,706 3,681 3,050 2,700 2,045 1,744 1,548 694 456
Percentage change       -0.4 9.6 -0.7 -17.1 -11.5 -24.3 -14.7 -11.2 @  
*:RDBs are captured only in the year 2016-17
#: The estimate is ex ante, incorporating only envisaged investment, they are different from those actually realised/ utilised.
@: Per cent change for 2017-18 is not worked out as capex from proposals that are likely to be sanctioned in 2017-18 is not available.

In recent years, private placement of debt and FDI haveassumed prominence as alternative source of capex financing. In particular, mobilisation of funds throughprivate placement of debt has risen successively since 2014-15 and rose 33 per cent over the previous year(Table 6).

Table 6: Debt-Private Placements
Period Issue Amount (in ₹ Billion)
2011-12 270
2012-13 591
2013-14 560
2014-15 974
2015-16 1,175
2016-17 1,562
Source: PRIME Database.

FDI inflows – equity, re-invested earnings and other capital have also risen continuously since 2012-13 (Table 7), with an increase of 11.2 per cent in 2016- 17 over the previous year. As the end-use of the funds raised through private placements of debenture/ bonds and FDI is not available as required, they have not been considered for this article.

Table 7: Foreign Direct Investment
Period FDI inflows* (in ₹ billion)
2011-12 1,651
2012-13 1,219
2013-14 1,475
2014-15# 1,891
2015-16# 2,623
2016-17# 2,917
*FDI inflows includes equity capital only.
# Figures are provisional.
Source: DIPP, Government of India.

4. Distributional Characteristics of Projects:

There was a rise in the number of infrastructure projects, i.e. those relating to power, construction, roads and bridges, and ports and airports, which accounted for 70 per cent of the total cost of projects sanctioned in 2016-17. Within the infrastructure sector, the power sector (45 per cent) dominated whereas the construction sector recorded the highest increase in share (Chart 1 and Annex-I).

The size-wise distribution of the projects sanctioned assistance showed an increase in the number of mega projects (₹ 50 billion and above), which constituted 17 per cent of the total project cost. There were 41 high value projects (₹ 10 billion - ₹ 50 billion), with a share of 42 per cent in the total project cost (Annex-II).

The location of a project is typically selected on the basis of factors such as accessibility of raw material, availability of skilled labour, adequate infrastructure, market size, and growth prospects. Data for the last five years (2012-13 to 2016-17) showed that 62 per cent of the projects were predominantly taken up in the states of Gujarat, Odisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka (Chart 2a).

The share of ‘multi states’ projects has halved in the recent period, probably reflecting the bottlenecks in obtaining clearances from multiple state authorities (Chart 2b).

Gujarat accounted for the highest share (22.7 per cent) followed by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana and Tamil Nadu in that order. Andhra Pradesh recorded a fall in its share from the previous year while Gujarat gained (Chart 3).

Power sector projects occupied a major share in all these states with the exception of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu where the construction industry had a majority of projects with 54.3 per cent and 67 per cent, respectively. Other than power, the industries with sizeable planned investment include textiles and transport equipment and part industries in Gujarat, cement and roads and bridges in Karnataka and pharmaceutical and drugs in Telangana.

Investment in new projects occupied the largest share at 78.9 per cent of the total cost of projects financed by banks/FIs. Expansion and modernisation constituted 9.9 per cent of the total project cost (Annex-IV).

5. Outlook on Investment for 2017-18

The near term outlook for new investment in the Indian economy appears to be improving, as reflected in continued intentions to commission projects in power and construction sectors, in the first half of 2017-18. FDI and private placement of debt has gained momentum and should boost financing of capex in the year. Although there was a seasonal drop in new project announcements in Q1, the investment climate may improve in subsequent quarters in view of business sentiment polled in various surveys and policy initiatives on GST and FDI. Based on the projects which have been sanctioned in preceding years, the planned capex could amount to ₹ 694 billion, in 2017-18, a small improvement over the previous year. Based on the assessment of pipeline projects already undertaken, an additional ₹ 854 billion worth of capex would have to come from new investment intentions to match the level estimated for 2016-17.


Annex – I: Industry-wise Distribution of Institutionally Assisted Projects: 2007-08 to 2016-17
Industry 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share
Infrastructure 124 39.0 97 45.0 100 49.0 120 53.7 107 47.4 82 47.8 87 39.7 74 48.9 109 72.0 207 61.9
i) Power 60 29.4 54 27.9 75 30.7 104 46.2 82 42.4 71 39.4 70 35.1 65 42.2 93 57.2 173 45.1
ii) Telecom 7 1.6 6 10.9 6 16.4 2 5.7 1 - 2 5.6 1 - 1 4.9 1 0.2 1 -
iii) Ports & Airports 6 0.9 4 2.8 2 0.3 1 0.7 1 1.3 1 1.9 1 0.8 - - 3 2.4 8 5.6
iv) Storage & Water Management 4 2.1 2 - 2 0.9 1 - 12 0.5 - - 5 1.1 2 0.6 4 4.2 6 3.6
v) SEZ, Industrial, Biotech and IT Park 47 5.4 28 3.2 15 0.6 12 1.1 11 3.2 8 0.9 8 1.5 3 0.9 1 0.4 2 0.4
vi) Roads & Bridges - - 3 0.1 - - - - - - - - 2 1.2 3 0.3 7 7.6 17 7.2
Construction 38 3.9 30 10.8 20 11.5 18 3.3 22 1.7 20 2.8 27 2.1 29 4.0 26 1.8 60 11.8
Metal & Metal Products 122 15.6 97 17.7 134 18.1 113 21.1 73 16.3 51 28.9 44 17.0 17 17.4 14 1.5 23 4.8
Transport Equipment & Parts 38 3.5 30 3.0 25 1.3 28 0.8 26 2.6 17 0.9 16 1.2 7 5.3 4 2.5 10 4.3
Textiles 116 4.5 45 1.2 77 2.2 77 2.9 94 7.0 31 1.9 58 10.3 50 4.1 49 4.8 57 4
Cement 24 5.9 28 6.0 29 2.8 14 2.4 9 2.0 11 3.9 12 7.1 7 3.8 5 1.9 5 2.2
Chemicals & Pesticides 25 1.0 27 1.7 28 0.8 27 1.3 17 3.5 19 1.1 15 1.0 7 2.6 11 1.6 10 2.1
Hospitals & Health services 27 1.3 16 0.5 23 0.9 22 0.6 9 0.3 17 1.4 10 0.7 2 0.1 1 - 22 1.1
Food Products 41 0.7 50 1.0 41 0.5 39 0.7 41 1.5 36 0.9 43 1.8 34 2.9 26 1.8 38 0.9
Hotel & Restaurants 51 3.9 57 2.8 56 2.6 63 3.5 51 4.6 31 3.1 29 2.7 15 1.1 16 1.1 12 0.8
Glass & Pottery 9 0.4 6 0.3 9 0.2 6 0.4 10 1.3 3 - 11 0.3 19 0.7 8 0.5 19 0.6
Petroleum Products 5 7.5 4 0.1 2 1.3 3 2.6 3 1.2 - - 1 0.5 1 3.4 2 2.0 2 0.5
Transport Services 17 1.4 14 1.0 22 1.4 14 0.6 19 2.7 16 1.7 15 0.5 5 0.6 10 1.2 12 0.4
Mining & Quarrying 8 0.5 7 0.6 10 2.5 1 0.2 4 0.2 2 0.1 1 0.6 2 0.1 10 2.7 4 0.4
Sugar 16 1.3 21 1.2 21 0.8 21 0.8 12 1.1 5 0.5 8 0.8 6 1.3 5 0.4 2 0.1
Electrical Equipment 26 0.9 17 1.3 16 0.2 24 2.0 12 0.3 10 1.9 9 2.0 7 0.2 3 0.2 9 0.2
Others* 181 8.3 162 5.9 116 4.0 107 3.1 127 6.3 63 3.1 86 11.7 44 3.5 47 4.1 55 3.9
Total 868 100 708 100 729 100 697 100 636 100 414 100 472 100 326 100 346 100 547 100
Total Cost of Projects (in ₹ Billion) 2,297 3,111 4,095 3,752 1,916 1,895 1,273 873 918 1,828
*: Comprise industries like Pharmaceuticals & Drugs, Agricultural &related activities, Hospitals, Paper & Paper products, Printing & Publishing, Rubber, IT Software, Communication, and Trading of services, Entertainments, etc.
-: Nil/Negligible

Annex – II: Size-wise Distribution of Projects and their Envisaged Cost: 2007-08 to 2016-17
Period Less than ₹ 1 billion ₹ 1 billion to ₹ 5 billion ₹ 5 billion to ₹ 10 billion ₹ 10 billion to ₹ 50 billion ₹ 50 billion & above TOTAL
2007-08 No of Projects 558 228 35 43 4 868
  Per cent Share 9.3 22.5 10.7 38.3 19.3 100.0 (2297)
2008-09 No of Projects 420 194 35 48 11 708
  Per cent Share 5.1 14.1 7.5 29.7 43.7 100.0 (3111)
2009-10 No of Projects 439 189 40 39 22 729
  Per cent Share 3.8 11.0 6.8 20.8 57.5 100.0 (4095)
2010-11 No of Projects 412 172 42 51 20 697
  Per cent Share 4.4 10.2 8.6 29.3 47.5 100.0 (3752)
2011-12 No of Projects 420 145 36 26 9 636
  Per cent Share 8.3 17.0 13.7 27.6 33.4 100.0 (1916)
2012-13 No of Projects 245 119 20 23 7 414
  Per cent Share 4.8 14.6 7.3 26.8 46.4 100.0 (1895)
2013-14 No of Projects 306 115 25 21 5 472
  Per cent Share 8.3 20.0 13.9 29.1 28.7 100.0 (1273)
2014-15 No of Projects 223 65 18 19 1 326
  Per cent Share 9.0 16.6 14.6 47.8 12.0 100.0 (873)
2015-16 No of Projects 214 76 34 21 1 352
  Per cent Share 8.6 20.9 26.0 38.5 5.9 100.0 (918)
2016-17 No of Projects 287 184 30 41 5 547
  Per cent Share 5.7 23.6 12.1 41.6 17.0 100.0 (1828)
*: Figures in brackets are total cost of projects in ₹ billion.
Note: Per cent share is the share in total cost of projects.

Annex-III: State-wise Distribution of Institutionally Assisted Projects: 2007-08 to 2016-17
State 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share Number of Projects Per cent Share
Gujarat 95 26.4 75 18.4 69 3.2 65 9.6 75 9.0 58 5.6 66 14.5 71 9.5 61 15.1 103 22.7
Maharashtra 141 9.7 110 18.1 117 10.0 71 7.4 86 19.1 67 10.7 76 19.7 38 14.8 36 9.4 57 8.6
Andhra Pradesh 87 7.8 74 7.6 73 7.1 65 11.4 52 5.1 35 5.7 37 4.0 24 8.1 33 12.3 48 8.2
Madhya Pradesh 18 0.6 20 7.2 23 4.2 21 5.2 16 5.6 13 3.9 30 6.1 14 3.9 21 6.9 18 7.4
Karnataka 62 4.1 44 2.4 42 1.4 40 7.2 39 12.0 20 1.6 39 6.2 27 5.4 21 6.2 52 6.6
Telangana - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 3.8 52 5.5
Tamil Nadu 94 5.1 63 2.3 66 5.5 93 6.1 58 5.7 22 1.8 33 5.4 27 2.9 26 9.3 23 4.5
Chhattisgarh 10 4.7 16 2.3 23 6.0 31 12.1 11 2.4 9 4.1 16 10.7 8 7.4 8 4.7 15 4.0
Uttar Pradesh 41 4.2 32 3.1 27 0.4 32 4.6 42 7.8 26 4.4 21 1.1 20 5.4 15 2.3 22 3.6
Odisha 21 13.1 15 9.0 25 13.9 25 7.4 15 6.3 10 26.8 10 11.7 5 15.9 6 3.1 6 3.1
Rajasthan 22 1.2 22 0.6 23 2.9 28 0.8 49 4.9 41 5.3 24 1.4 29 11.1 10 0.9 23 2.7
Kerala 13 0.1 5 0.1 11 0.5 4 0.0 3 0.1 3 0.3 3 0.0 4 0.2 4 0.1 6 2.6
Punjab 29 0.7 23 0.7 23 0.4 38 1.1 37 1.7 12 10.9 28 1.5 6 0.3 11 1.7 29 2.1
West Bengal 41 2.6 43 3.0 33 2.6 29 3.3 19 4.9 13 1.0 12 1.2 9 1.3 14 3.1 18 1.7
Multiple 61 10.3 55 19.0 45 29.0 48 16.2 34 4.5 15 7.7 21 6.9 10 9.5 13 13.5 18 11.8
Others 133 9.4 111 6.2 129 12.9 107 7.6 100 10.9 70 10.2 56 9.6 34 4.3 57 7.6 57 4.7
Total* 868 100 708 100 729 100 697 100 636 100 414 100 472 100 326 100 346 100 547 100
Total Cost of Projects (in ₹ Billion) 2,297 3,111 4,095 3,752 1,916 1,895 1,273 873 918 1,828
# : Comprise projects over several States.
@: Comprise States/ Union Territories.
‘ -’ information not available.
Note: Per cent share is the share in total project cost.

Annex – IV: Purpose-wise Distribution of Institutionally Assisted Projects during 2010-11 to 2016-17
Period New Expansion & Modernisation Diversification Others Total*
2010-11 No. of Projects 454 224 6 13 697
  Percent Share 66.8 30.9 1.8 0.5 100.0 (3,752)
2011-12 No. of Projects 449 172 5 10 636
  Percent Share 70.6 23.1 0.1 6.3 100.0 (1,916)
2012-13 No. of Projects 303 107 - 4 414
  Percent Share 84.2 14.7 - 1.1 100.0 (1,895)
2013-14 No. of Projects 361 95 2 14 472
  Percent Share 65.2 20.1 - 14.7 100.0 (1,273)
2014-15 No. of Projects 203 92 2 29 326
  Percent Share 39.4 14.7 0.2 45.7 100.0 (873)
2015-16 No. of Projects 260 64 3 19 346
  Percent Share 73.6 14.3 0.1 12 100.0 (918)
2016-17 No. of Projects 434 98 4 11 547
  Percent Share 78.9 9.9 0.1 11.1 100.0 (1,828)
* : Figures in brackets are total cost of projects in ₹ billion.
- : Nil/ Negligible.

* Prepared in the Corporate Studies Division of the Department of Statistics and Information Management. The previous study titled ‘Private Corporate Investment: Growth in 2015-16 and Prospects for 2016-17’ was published in the September 2016 issue of the Reserve Bank of India Bulletin.

1 Include all public sector banks, major private sector and foreign banks, and FIs which are actively involved in project financing namely, Industrial Financial Corporation of India (IFCI), Life Insurance Corporation (LIC), Power Finance Corporation (PFC), Rural Electrification Corporation of India (REC) and Export-Import Bank of India (EXIM).

2 ECBs include rupee denominated bonds (RDBs).

3 Rangarajan C., (1970), Forecasting capex in the Corporate Sector, Economic and Political Weekly, December 13, 1970.


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