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Date : Mar 29, 2019
India’s International Investment Position (IIP), December 2018

Today, the Reserve Bank released data relating to India’s International Investment Position at end-December 2018.

Key Features of India’s IIP in December 2018

  • Net claims of non-residents on India increased by US$ 44.3 billion from their level a quarter ago (Table 1).

  • The increase in net claims was due to a pick-up in foreign-owned assets in India after three consecutive quarters of contraction, combined with a marginal decline in Indian residents’ financial assets abroad.

  • The large increase in foreign-owned assets in India emanated from inward foreign direct investment (FDI), followed by portfolio investment and currency and deposits.

  • Overseas financial assets of Indian residents declined during the quarter, mainly due to reduction in reserve assets, even as overseas direct investment increased during the period.

  • Appreciation of the Indian rupee against the US dollar during the quarter contributed substantially to the increase in net claims of non-residents valued in US dollar terms.

  • Despite a decline during the quarter, reserve assets accounted for nearly two-thirds of India’s international financial assets (Table 2).

  • The share of debt liabilities in total liabilities declined marginally during the quarter (Table 3).

  • The ratio of India’s international financial assets to international financial liabilities stood at 58.3 per cent in December 2018 (61.1 per cent in September 2018).

Jose J. Kattoor
Chief General Manager

Press Release: 2018-2019/2321


Table 1: Overall International Investment Position of India
(US $ billion)
Period Dec-17(R) Mar-18(PR) June-18(PR) Sep-18(PR) Dec-18(P)
Net IIP (A-B) -421.4 -418.4 -407.5 -387.4 -431.7
A. Assets 613.5 633.7 610.9 608.0 603.8
1. Direct Investment 155.2 157.4 160.8 163.3 166.2
2. Portfolio Investment 2.9 3.6 3.1 2.6 2.7
    2.1 Equity Securities 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.4
    2.2 Debt Securities 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.8 1.3
3. Other Investment 46.3 48.2 41.3 41.5 39.3
    3.1 Trade Credits 1.6 1.7 1.4 0.9 0.3
    3.2 Loans 5.6 8.2 7.0 7.1 6.5
    3.3 Currency and Deposits 20.8 20.8 16.3 16.6 17.2
    3.4 Other Assets 18.4 17.5 16.7 16.9 15.3
4. Reserve Assets 409.1 424.5 405.7 400.5 395.6
B. Liabilities 1034.9 1052.1 1018.4 995.4 1035.5
1. Direct Investment 377.3 379.0 372.4 362.2 386.4
2. Portfolio Investment 267.4 272.1 254.2 237.9 245.8
    2.1 Equity Securities 155.7 155.1 144.4 135.2 138.1
    2.2 Debt securities 111.8 117.0 109.8 102.6 107.7
3. Other Investment 390.2 401.0 391.8 395.4 403.4
    3.1 Trade Credits 98.4 103.2 99.6 104.3 103.6
    3.2 Loans 155.8 159.7 156.4 157.4 160.3
    3.3 Currency and Deposits 123.5 126.5 124.5 122.1 126.0
    3.4 Other Liabilities 12.4 11.7 11.3 11.5 13.5
Memo item: Assets to Liability Ratio (%) 59.3 60.2 60.0 61.1 58.3
R: Revised PR: Partially revised P: Provisional;
The sum of the constituent items may not add to the total due to rounding off.

Table 2: Composition of International Financial Assets and Liabilities of India
(per cent)
Period  Dec-17(R)  Mar-18(PR)  June-18(PR)  Sep-18(PR)  Dec-18(P)
A. Assets          
1. Direct Investment 25.3 24.8 26.3 26.9 27.5
2. Portfolio Investment 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
3. Other Investment 7.5 7.6 6.8 6.8 6.5
4. Reserve Assets 66.7 67.0 66.4 65.9 65.5
  Assets/Liabilities 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
B. Liabilities
1. Direct Investment 36.5 36.0 36.5 36.4 37.3
2. Portfolio Investment 25.8 25.9 25.0 23.9 23.7
3. Other Investment 37.7 38.1 38.5 39.7 39.0

Table 3: Share of External Debt and Non-Debt Liabilities of India
(per cent)
Period  Dec-17(R)  Mar-18(PR)  June-18(PR)  Sep-18(PR)  Dec-18(P)
Non-Debt Liabilities 50.0 49.3 49.2 48.4 49.0
Debt Liabilities 50.0 50.7 50.8 51.6 51.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1 India’s quarterly IIP is disseminated with one-quarter lag. The IIP for end-September 2018 was placed in the public domain on December 31, 2018.


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