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Date : Sep 30, 2011
Developments in India's Balance of Payments during the First Quarter (April-June) of 2011-12

 Preliminary data on India’s balance of payments (BoP) for the first quarter (Q1), i.e., April-June 2011 of the financial year 2011-12, are now available. The details of these data, as per the revised format of BoP presentation provided in IMF's BPM6, are set out in Statement I. These data as per the old format are also given in Statement II. The correspondence between old and new format is provided in Annex 1.

Major Highlights of BoP during April-June 2011

During Q1 of 2011-12, a rise in trade deficit, despite sharper increase in exports than imports and increase in net export of services, led to widening of current account deficit (CAD) as compared with Q1 of the previous year.

  • On a BoP basis, goods exports recorded a growth of 47.1 per cent while imports registered a growth of 33.2 per cent during Q1 of 2011-12.

  • The trade deficit on BoP basis, in absolute terms, amounted to US$ 35.4 billion, which was higher than the corresponding quarter of the previous year (US$ 32.3 billion).

  • Net exports of services recorded a growth of 19.1 per cent during Q1 of 2011-12 over Q1 of 2010-11 mainly due to higher growth in receipts led by ‘transportation’, ‘telecommunication, computer and information services’ and ‘other business services’.

  • While net secondary income (private transfers) receipts remained buoyant at US$ 13.7 billion, primary income account (investment income) continued to show a net outflow.

  • Consequently, the CAD at US$ 14.1 billion was higher in Q1 of 2011-12 than the corresponding quarter of the previous year.

  • Financial account witnessed a surge primarily on account of foreign direct investment  and other investment led by loans.

  • There was a net accretion to foreign exchange reserves of US$ 5.4 billion during Q1 of 2011-12 (excluding valuation).

Balance of Payments for April-June 2011 (Q1) of 2011-12

The major items of the BoP for the first quarter (Q1) of 2011-12 are set out below in Table 1.

Goods Trade

  • Growth in goods exports was higher during Q1 of 2011-12 as compared with Q1 of 2010-11, while growth in imports was maintained during the same period.

  • On a BoP basis, India’s goods exports, recorded a growth of 47.1 per cent during Q1 of 2011-12 as compared with 40.4 per cent recorded during Q1 of previous year. Similarly, on a BoP basis, goods imports registered a growth of 33.2 per cent in Q1 of 2011-12 which was same in the corresponding quarter of 2010-11.

  • Notwithstanding higher growth in exports relative to imports, the trade deficit, on a BoP basis, was higher at US$ 35.4 billion in Q1 of 2011-12 as compared with US$ 32.3 billion during Q1 of 2010-11.

Table 1: Major Items of India's Balance of Payments

(US$ Billion)

 

April-June 2011(P)

April-June 2010(PR)

January-March 2011(P)

 

Exports

Imports

Net

Exports

Imports

Net

Exports

Imports

Net

A. Current Account (1+2+3+4)

127.9

142.0

-14.1

97.9

109.9

-12.0

129.3

134.7

-5.4

1. Goods

80.7

116.1

-35.4

54.9

87.2

-32.3

77.4

107.1

-29.7

2.Services

30.6

18.7

11.9

26.5

16.4

10.0

35.2

20.8

14.4

3. Primary Income

2.2

6.5

-4.3

2.9

5.7

-2.9

2.2

6.0

-3.9

4. Secondary Income

14.4

0.7

13.7

13.7

0.6

13.1

14.6

0.7

13.8

B. Capital Account

0.0

0.3

-0.3

0.1

0.1

-0.1

0.1

0.2

0.0

C. Financial Account

127.3

111.6

15.7

94.5

81.5

13.0

115.7

109.5

6.2

D. Errors & Omissions - (A+B-C)

 

 

-1.3

 

 

-0.9

 

 

-0.8

Changes in Reserve Assets are included under the Financial Account as recommended by the BPM 6.
Note: Total of subcomponents may not tally with aggregate due to rounding off.

P: Preliminary, PR: Partially Revised

Services and Income Flows

Growth in services receipts and payments remained moderate during Q1 of 2011-12 as compared with that recorded in Q1 of 2010-11. Furthermore, services receipts and payments were lower as compared to the preceding quarter. Rise in net secondary income was partly offset by net outflow on account of primary income during Q1 of 2011-12 (Table 2).

  • Services exports rose by 15.7 per cent (18.3 per cent in Q1 of 2010-11) mainly led by transportation, software and business services.

  • Net outflow on account of primary income was higher than recorded during Q1 of 2010-11 mainly due to larger net outflow of investment income. Receipts on account of investment income recorded a decline of 28.4 per cent as compared to a decline of 3.5 per cent in the corresponding quarter mainly due to persistence of lower interest rate abroad.

  • Investment income payments recorded an increase of 17.3 per cent (8.6 per cent in Q1 of 2010-11) driven by higher interest payments.

  • Secondary income (on net basis), reflecting mainly the remittances from overseas Indians, at US$ 13.7 billion remained buoyant and recorded a growth of 4.6 per cent during Q1 over the corresponding quarter of 2010-11 (1.3 per cent in Q1 of 2010-11).

  • Accordingly, the CAD widened to US$ 14.1 billion in Q1 of 2011-12 as compared to US$ 5.4 billion in the preceding quarter and US$ 12.0 in Q1 of 2010-11. At this level, CAD turned out to be 3.1 per cent of GDP in Q1 of 2011-12.

Table 2: Disaggregated Items of Current Account 

(US$ Billion)

 

April-June 2011(P)

April-June 2010(PR)

January-March 2011(P)

1. Goods

-35.4

-32.3

-29.7

2. Services

11.9

10.0

14.4

2.a Transport

0.1

0.0

0.9

2.b Travel

0.1

0.6

1.3

2.c Construction

0.04

-0.2

-0.2

2.d Insurance and pension services

0.2

0.1

0.3

2.e Financial Services

-0.5

-0.2

-0.4

2.f  Charges for the use of intellectual property

-0.7

-0.5

-0.5

2.g Telecommunications, computer and information services

14.0

12.6

16.6

2.h Personal, cultural and recreational services

0.0

0.0

-0.1

2.i   Government goods & services

-0.1

0.0

-0.1

2.j  Other Business services

-1.1

-0.7

-0.9

2.k  Others n.i.e

-0.2

-1.7

-2.5

3. Primary Income

-4.3

-2.9

-3.9

3.a Compensation of Employees

-0.1

-0.3

-0.2

3.b Investment Income

-4.2

-2.6

-3.6

4. Secondary Income

13.7

13.1

13.8

4.a Personal Transfers

13.2

12.7

13.3

4.b.  Other Current Transfers

0.5

0.4

0.5

5. Current Account (1+2+3+4)

-14.1

-12.0

-5.4

Note: Total of subcomponents may not tally with aggregate due to rounding off.

P: Preliminary, PR: Partially Revised

Capital Account

  • Capital account which includes mainly official transfers showed an outflow of US$ 273 million on a net basis.

Financial Account

The net inflows under the financial account picked up significantly during Q1 of 2011-12 mainly on account of FDI and other investments led by loans (Table 3).

  • Net financial inflows increased to US$ 15.7 billion during Q1 of 2011-12 (US$ 13.0 billion during Q1 in previous year). This was mainly on account of net FDI inflows to India (inward FDI minus outward FDI) which increased to US$ 7.2 billion during Q1 of 2011-12 as compared to US$ 2.9 billion in Q1 of 2010-11.

  • Net loans availed by banks were higher at US$ 11.5 billion as compared to US$ 2.9 billion in Q1 of 2010-11 mainly due to drawdown of their foreign currency assets held abroad as well as rise in overseas borrowings.

  • Net loans availed by non-Government and non-banking sectors (net ECBs) stood higher at US$ 2.9 billion as compared to US$ 2.3 billion in Q1 of 2010-11.

  • Net inflows under short-term trade credit moderated to US$ 3.1 billion in Q1 of 2011-12 as compared to US$ 4.3 billion in Q1 of 2010-11.

  • There was a net accretion to foreign exchange reserves to the extent of US$ 5.4 billion during Q1 of 2011-12. In nominal terms (i.e., including valuation changes), foreign exchange reserves increased by US$ 10.9 billion during the quarter reflecting depreciation of US dollar against major international currencies during the quarter.

Table 3: Disaggregated Items of Financial Account

(US$ Billion)

 

Apr-Jun 2011(P)

Apr-Jun
2010(PR)

Jan-Mar 2011(P)

1. Direct Investment (net)

7.2

2.9

0.6

1.a Direct Investment in  India

12.9

6.1

4.9

1.b Direct Investment by India

-5.7

-3.2

-4.3

2. Portfolio Investment

2.3

3.5

0.0

2.a Portfolio Investment in India

2.5

3.5

0.0

2.b Portfolio Investment by India

-0.2

0.0

0.0

3. Other investment

11.7

10.3

7.7

3.a Other equity (ADRs/GDRs)

0.3

1.1

0.2

3.b Currency and deposits

1.2

1.1

2.0

Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank  (NRI Deposits)

1.2

1.1

0.9

3.c Loans*

14.8

7.6

0.4

3.c.i Loans to India

14.8

7.6

0.1

       Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank

11.5

2.9

-2.7

       General government  (External Assistance)

0.4

2.5

0.8

       Other sectors (External Commercial Borrowings)

2.9

2.3

2.1

3.c.ii Loans by India

0.0

-0.1

0.3

      General government  (External Assistance)

0.0

0.0

0.0

      Other sectors (External Commercial Borrowings)

0.0

-0.1

0.3

3.d Trade credit and advances

3.1

4.3

2.7

3.e Other accounts receivable/payable - other

-7.7

-3.8

2.3

4. Reserve assets

-5.4

-3.7

-2.0

Financial Account (1+2+3+4)

15.7

13.0

6.2

Note: Total of sub components may not tally with aggregate due to rounding off.

*: Includes External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital
P: Preliminary,                    PR: Partially Revised

External Debt for the Quarter ending June 2011

As per the existing practice, the external debt for the quarters ending March and June are compiled and released by the Reserve Bank, while the external debt for quarters ending September and December are compiled and released by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Accordingly, the data on external debt for the quarter ending June 2011 are being released by the Reserve Bank of India today. The same could be accessed at http://www.rbi.org.in.

R.R. Sinha
Deputy General Manager

Press Release : 2011-2012/506


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