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Date : Sep 15, 2017
Table 158 : India’s External Debt - US Dollar (end - March)
(US $ million)
Item 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
I. Multilateral 30534 31438 31105 31899 29994 29297 31744 32620 35337 39490
A. Government Borrowing 26967 27584 27414 28290 27271 26826 29204 29996 32514 36171
i) Concessional 18596 19269 19080 19713 21560 22674 24023 23731 24876 26859
a) IDA 18301 18964 18811 19440 21258 22356 23693 23418 24548 26497
b) Others 295 305 269 273 302 318 330 313 328 362
ii) Non-concessional 8371 8315 8334 8577 5711 4152 5181 6265 7638 9312
a) IBRD 6062 5810 5654 5742 4009 3144 3771 4400 5015 5660
b) Others 2309 2505 2680 2835 1702 1008 1410 1865 2623 3652
B. Non-Government Borrowing 3567 3854 3691 3609 2723 2471 2540 2624 2823 3319
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 3567 3854 3691 3609 2723 2471 2540 2624 2823 3319
a) Public Sector 2523 2793 2655 2609 1945 1770 1828 1908 2136 2589
IBRD 1495 1589 1525 1496 920 984 1020 1030 1043 1173
Others 1028 1204 1130 1113 1025 786 808 878 1093 1416
b) Financial Institution 641 710 722 766 668 651 637 589 554 587
IBRD 249 229 218 215 110 85 58 141 150 148
Others 392 481 504 551 558 566 579 448 404 439
c) Private Sector 403 351 314 234 110 50 75 127 133 143
IBRD 309 269 246 190 63 0 0 0 0 0
Others 94 82 68 44 47 50 75 127 133 143
II. Bilateral 17499 18175 15975 15323 16802 17277 17034 15761 16065 19708
A. Government Borrowing 13447 13966 12176 11540 12664 12987 13132 12239 12344 14853
i) Concessional 13286 13613 11898 11359 12547 12900 13074 12211 12344 14853
ii) Non-concessional 161 353 278 181 117 87 58 28 0 0
B. Non-government borrowing 4052 4209 3799 3783 4138 4290 3902 3522 3721 4855
i) Concessional 645 922 1196 1411 1685 1983 1708 1558 396 435
a) Public Sector 124 341 635 877 1083 1287 1292 1185 285 307
b) Financial Institution 521 581 561 534 602 696 416 373 111 128
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 3407 3287 2603 2372 2453 2307 2194 1964 3325 4420
a) Public Sector 1224 1089 797 988 1076 1110 995 813 1702 2525
b) Financial Institutions 1028 952 765 760 751 710 650 535 878 934
c) Private Sector 1155 1246 1041 624 626 487 549 616 745 961
III. International Monetary Fund 287 26 0 0 0 1008 1029 981 1029 1120
IV. Trade Credit 6789 6780 5923 5368 4995 4697 5022 5420 7165 10328
a) Buyers Credit 4265 4297 3717 3311 2823 2546 2980 3607 5417 8287
b) Suppliers credit 1303 1280 1158 1069 1081 1029 905 751 675 750
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 1155 1184 1035 988 1091 1122 1137 1062 1073 1291
d) Export credit for defence purpose 66 19 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 158 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End - March) (Contd.)
(US $ million)
Item 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
V. Commercial borrowing 20978 19943 24408 23320 22472 22007 26405 26452 41443 62334
a) Commercial bank loans 10343 10094 9899 9962 9870 11588 14375 16479 24577 40159
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs ) 9772 9073 13887 12851 12093 9568 11197 9217 15603 20668
c) Loans/Securitized borrowings, etc, with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 808 750 622 507 509 851 833 756 1263 1507
d) Self liquidating loans 55 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) deposits 11794 13559 16568 17154 23160 31216 32743 36282 41240 43672
VII. Rupee debt. 4731 4406 3719 3034 2822 2720 2302 2059 1951 2017
a) Defence 4243 3964 3339 2704 2515 2426 2031 1819 1728 1794
b) Civilian 488 442 380 330 307 294 271 240 223 223
VIII. Total long-term debt (I to VII) 92612 94327 97698 96098 100245 108222 116279 119575 144230 178669
IX. Short-term debt 4274 3936 3628 2745 4669 4431 17723 19539 28130 45738
a) NRI deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 2086 1372 957 968 1962 304 0 0 0 0
c) Trade related Credits 2188 2564 2671 1777 2707 4127 16271 19399 25979 41901
1) 6 Months and above up to 1 year 2188 2564 2671 1777 2707 4127 7529 8696 11971 22884
2) Up to 6 months 0 0 0 0 0 0 8742 10703 14008 19017
d) FII Investments on Govt. T Bills and other instruments 0 0 0 0 0 0 1452 140 397 651
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 164 155
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1590 3031
i) Central Bank 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 501 1115
ii) Commercial Bank 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1089 1916
X. Gross Total Debt 96886 98263 101326 98843 104914 112653 134002 139114 172360 224407
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 38.5 38.9 35.4 35.9 36.8 35.8 30.7 28.4 23.0 19.7
Short Term Debt as % of Total Debt 4.4 4.0 3.6 2.8 4.5 3.9 13.2 14.0 16.3 20.4
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 23.6 22.0 22.5 21.1 20.3 18.0 18.1 16.8 17.5 18.0
Debt Service Ratio (%) 18.7 17.1 16.6 13.7 16.0 16.1 5.9 10.1 4.7 4.8
(Continued)

TABLE 158 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End-March) (Contd.)
(US $ million)
Item 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
I. Multilateral 39538 42857 48475 50453 51590 53418 52391 53956 54451
A. Government Borrowing 35724 37825 42579 43686 43539 44598 43015 44170 44358
i) Concessional 25080 25711 26992 27221 26443 27173 24679 25005 24117
a) IDA 24757 25380 26637 26853 26071 26770 24294 24595 23705
b) Others 323 331 355 368 372 403 385 411 412
ii) Non-concessional 10644 12114 15587 16465 17096 17425 18336 19165 20241
a) IBRD 5878 6397 8774 8897 8912 8876 9117 9244 9338
b) Others 4766 5717 6813 7568 8184 8549 9219 9921 10903
B. Non-Government Borrowing 3814 5032 5896 6767 8051 8820 9376 9785 10094
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 3814 5032 5896 6767 8051 8820 9376 9785 10094
a) Public Sector 2807 3305 3536 3808 4324 4669 5010 5319 4538
IBRD 1395 1893 2057 2177 2355 2394 2502 2554 2558
Others 1412 1412 1479 1631 1969 2275 2508 2765 1980
b) Financial Institution 730 1193 1681 2018 2650 3139 3492 3747 4954
IBRD 146 298 425 531 549 635 592 899 1090
Others 584 895 1256 1487 2101 2504 2900 2849 3865
c) Private Sector 277 534 679 941 1077 1012 874 719 601
IBRD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 277 534 679 941 1077 1012 874 719 601
II. Bilateral 20610 22593 25712 26884 25158 24727 21726 22464 23164
A. Government Borrowing 14655 15860 17988 17986 16259 16099 14121 15457 16887
i) Concessional 14655 15860 17988 17986 16259 16099 14121 15457 16887
ii) Non-concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government borrowing 5955 6733 7724 8897 8899 8628 7605 7007 6277
i) Concessional 641 702 918 1501 1558 1714 1610 1786 1799
a) Public Sector 227 248 363 974 1093 1290 1205 1359 993
b) Financial Institution 414 454 555 527 465 424 405 427 806
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 5314 6031 6806 7396 7341 6914 5995 5221 4478
a) Public Sector 2959 3072 3087 2781 2397 2223 1846 1646 1462
b) Financial Institutions 846 761 840 762 776 724 531 455 488
c) Private Sector 1509 2198 2879 3853 4168 3967 3618 3120 2528
III. International Monetary Fund 1018 6041 6308 6163 5964 6149 5488 5605 5410
IV. Trade Credit 14481 16841 18647 18990 17760 15518 12608 10639 9677
a) Buyers Credit 12572 14811 16437 16790 15567 13323 10546 8377 7345
b) Suppliers credit 635 651 646 636 779 795 834 918 863
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 1274 1379 1564 1564 1414 1400 1228 1344 1468
d) Export credit for defence purpose 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 158 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End-March) (Concld.)
(US $ million)
Item 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
V. Commercial borrowing 62461 70726 100476 120136 140125 149375 180295 180745 173074
a) Commercial bank loans 43169 44832 58643 72946 83555 96946 101492 97584 88159
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs ) 17918 25075 41100 46686 56274 52149 78426 82799 84564
c) Loans/Securitized borrowings, etc, with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 1374 819 733 504 296 280 377 362 351
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) deposits 41554 47890 51682 58608 70822 103844 115163 126929 116867
VII. Rupee debt. 1523 1658 1601 1354 1258 1468 1506 1278 1228
a) Defence 1361 1487 1437 1216 1133 1361 1407 1189 1141
b) Civilian 162 171 164 138 125 107 99 89 87
VIII. Total long-term debt (I to VII) 181185 208606 252901 282587 312677 354500 389177 401615 383872
IX. Short-term debt 43313 52329 64990 78179 96697 91678 85499 83374 87980
a) NRI deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
c) Trade related Credits 39915 47473 58463 65130 86787 81743 81631 80022 86489
1) 6 Months and above up to 1 year 23346 28003 35347 39182 59021 54992 53405 51208 56155
2) Up to 6 months 16569 19470 23116 25948 27766 26751 28226 28814 30333
d) FII Investments on Govt. T Bills and other instruments 2065 3357 5424 9395 5455 5605 1167 20 40
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 105 103 50 64 82 95 114 108 99
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 1228 1396 1053 3590 4373 4235 2586 3225 1352
i) Central Bank 764 695 155 170 181 148 150 180 243
ii) Commercial Bank 464 701 898 3420 4192 4087 2436 3045 1110
X. Gross Total Debt 224498 260935 317891 360766 409374 446178 474675 484989 471852
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 18.7 16.8 14.9 13.3 11.1 10.4 8.8 9.0 9.3
Short Term Debt as % of Total Debt 19.3 20.1 20.4 21.7 23.6 20.5 18.0 17.2 18.6
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 20.3 18.2 18.2 21.1 22.4 23.9 23.9 23.5 20.2
Debt Service Ratio (%) 4.4 5.8 4.4 6.0 5.9 5.9 7.6 8.8 8.3
IDBs : India Development Bonds
FCCBs : Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
IFC(W) : International Finance Corporation (Washington)
FC(B&O) : Foreign Currency (Banks & Others) Deposits
Notes : 1. Other concessional multilateral Government borrowing refers to debt outstanding to Institutions like IFAD, OPEC & EEC (SAC).
2. Multilateral non-concessional Government/ public sector/ financial institutions other borrowings refers to debt outstanding against loans from ADB.
3. Securitised commercial borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) includes net Investment by 100% Fll debt funds, Resurgent India Bonds (RIBs) and India Millennium Deposits (IMDs).
4. Rupee debt refers to debt owed to Russia denominated in Rupees and converted at current exchange rates, payable in exports.
5. Civilian's rupee debt includes supplier’s credit from end-March 1990 onwards.
6. Short-term debt does not include suppliers’ credit of up to180 days from 1998 till 2004.
7. Multilateral loans do not include revaluation of IBRD pooled loans and exchange rate adjustment under IDA loans for Pre-1971 credits.
8. Debt service ratio from the year 1998 includes the revised private transfer contra-entry on account of gold and silver imports.
Source :External Debt Management Unit, Ministry of Finance and Reserve Bank of India.

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