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Date: 01/07/2015
Master Circular - Interest Rates on Advances

RBI/2015-16/37
DBR.No.Dir.BC.9/13.03.00/2015-16

July 1, 2015
Ashadha 10, 1937 (Saka)

All Scheduled Commercial Banks
(excluding RRBs)

Dear Sir / Madam

Master Circular - Interest Rates on Advances

Please refer to the Master Circular DBOD.No.Dir.BC.13/13.03.00/2014-15 dated July 1, 2014 consolidating instructions / guidelines issued to banks till June 30, 2014 on matters relating to Interest Rates on Advances. This Master Circular consolidates instructions on the above matter issued up to June 30, 2015.

Yours faithfully

(Lily Vadera)
Chief General Manager


CONTENTS

Para No. Particulars
A Purpose
B Classification
C Previous instructions
D Application
1 Introduction
2 PLR/ BPLR System
3 Base Rate System
4 Charging of interest at monthly rests
5 Differential Rate of Interest for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs)
6 Loans under consortium arrangement
7 Withdrawals against uncleared effects
8 Penal Rates of Interest
9 Zero Percent Interest Finance Schemes for Consumer Durables
10 Excessive Interest Charged by Banks
Annex 1 Illustrative Methodology for the Computation of the Base Rate
Annex 2 Guidelines on Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR) applicable to loans sanctioned up to June 30, 2010
Annex 3 Interest Rate Structure for all Rupee Advances including Term Loans of Commercial Banks sanctioned up to June 30, 2010
Appendix List of circulars consolidated

MASTER CIRCULAR ON INTEREST RATES ON ADVANCES

A. Purpose

To consolidate the directives on interest rates on advances issued by Reserve Bank of India from time to time.

B. Classification

A statutory directive issued by the Reserve Bank in exercise of the powers conferred by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

C. Previous instructions

This Master Circular consolidates and updates the instructions on the above subject contained in the circulars listed in Appendix.

D. Application

To all scheduled commercial banks, excluding Regional Rural Banks.

1. Introduction

1.1 In the context of granting greater functional autonomy to banks, interest rates on advances have been progressively deregulated by Reserve Bank of India with effect from October 18, 1994.

Banks are therefore free to determine the lending rates on the advances as per their Board approved policy subject to the following guidelines:-

2. PLR/ BPLR System

Banks were required to obtain the approval of their respective Boards for the Prime Lending Rate which was the minimum rate charged by them for the credit limits of over Rs 2 lakhs. In case of loans up to Rupees two lakh, it was decided to continue to protect these borrowers by prescribing the lending rates. With effect from April 29, 1998, it was decided that interest on Credit limit of Rs. 2 lakh and below shall not exceed PLR which was available to the best customer of the concerned bank.

In order to enhance transparency in bank’s pricing of their loan products as also to ensure that the PLR truly reflects the actual cost, in year 2003, it was decided to abolish the prescription of minimum lending rate for credit limits of over Rupees two lakh and banks were given the freedom to fix the lending rates for such credit limits subject to Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR) and spread guidelines. Banks were required to obtain the approval of their respective Boards for the BPLR, which would be the reference rate for credit Iimits of over Rs. 2 lakh. Each bank's BPLR had to be declared and be made uniformly applicable at all branches. BPLR continued to be the ceiling rate of interest for advances upto Rs. 2 lakh.

Interest rates under the BPLR system were applicable to all loans sanctioned up to June 30, 2010. The guidelines on BPLR and Spreads and its determination for existing loans sanctioned up to June 30, 2010 are given in Annex 2 and Annex 3.

3. Base Rate System

The Base Rate system was introduced with the aim of enhancing transparency in lending rates of banks and enabling better assessment of transmission of monetary policy.

3.1 With effect from July 1, 2010, all categories of domestic rupee loans should be priced only with reference to the Base Rate. Thus the Base Rate system would be applicable for all new loans and for those old loans that come up for renewal. Existing loans based on the BPLR system may run till their maturity. In case existing borrowers want to switch to the new system, before expiry of the existing contracts, an option may be given to them, on mutually agreed terms. Banks, however, should not charge any fee for such switch-over.

3.2 Computation of Base Rate

Base Rate shall include all those elements of the lending rates that are common across all categories of borrowers. There can be only one Base Rate for each bank. Banks may choose any benchmark to arrive at the Base Rate that may be disclosed transparently. An illustration for computing the Base Rate is set out in Annex 1. Banks are free to use any other methodology, as considered appropriate, provided it is consistent and is made available for supervisory review/scrutiny, as and when required.

While computing Base Rate, banks will have the freedom to calculate cost of funds either on the basis of average cost of funds or on marginal cost of funds or any other methodology in vogue, which is reasonable and transparent provided it is consistent and made available for supervisory review/scrutiny as and when required. It is clarified here that where the card rate for deposits of one or more tenor is the basis, the deposits in the chosen tenor/s should have the largest share in the deposit base of the bank.

3.3 Review of Base Rate

Banks are required to review the Base Rate at least once in a quarter with the approval of the Board or the Asset Liability Management Committees (ALCOs) as per the bank’s practice. Since transparency in the pricing of lending products has been a key objective, banks are required to exhibit the information on their Base Rate at all branches and also on their websites. Changes in the Base Rate should also be conveyed to the general public from time to time through appropriate channels. Banks are required to provide information on the actual minimum and maximum lending rates to the Reserve Bank on a quarterly basis, as hitherto.

3.4 Review of Base Rate Methodology

  1. Banks that have commenced their banking operations in India after September 2, 2013 will be allowed to revise their Base Rate methodology within a year from the date of commencement of their business operations in India.

  2. With a view to providing banks greater operational flexibility, it has been decided to allow banks to review the Base Rate methodology after three years from date of its finalization. Accordingly, banks may change their Base Rate methodology after completion of prescribed period with the approval of their Board of Directors/ ALCO.

  3. Banks will, however, not be allowed to change their methodology during the review cycle.

3.5 Spread

  1. Banks should have a Board approved policy delineating the components of spread charged to a customer. It should be ensured that any price differentiation is consistent with bank’s credit pricing policy.

  2. Bank’s internal pricing policy must spell out the rationale for, and range of, the spread in the case of a given category of borrower, as also, the delegation of powers in respect of loan pricing. The rationale of the policy should be available for supervisory review.

  3. The spread charged to an existing borrower should not be increased except on account of deterioration in the credit risk profile of the customer or change in the tenor premium. Any such decision regarding change in spread on account of change in credit risk profile should be supported by a full-fledged risk profile review of the customer. The change in tenor premium should not be borrower specific or loan class specific. In other words, the change in tenor premium will be uniform for all types of loans for a given residual tenor.

  4. The guidelines contained in sub-paragraph (iii) above are, however, not applicable to loans under consortium/ multiple banking arrangements.

3.6 Determining Lending Rates

Banks should determine their actual lending rates on loans and advances with reference to the Base Rate and by including such other customer specific charges as considered appropriate. The actual lending rates charged should be transparent and consistent and be made available for supervisory review/scrutiny, as and when required. Since the Base Rate will be the minimum rate for all loans, banks are not permitted to resort to any lending below the Base Rate. Further, changes in the Base Rate shall be applicable in respect of all existing loans linked to the Base Rate, in a transparent and non-discriminatory manner.

Even after introduction of the Base Rate system, banks would have the freedom to offer all categories of loans on fixed or floating rates subject to conformity to the ALM guidelines. The floating interest rate based on external benchmarks should, however, be equal to or above the Base Rate at the time of sanction or renewal. Where loans are offered on fixed rate basis, notwithstanding the quarterly review of the Base Rate, the rate of interest on fixed rate loans will continue to remain the same subject to the condition that such fixed rate should not be below the Base Rate at the time of sanction. If the base rate is revised upward thereafter and in the process the fixed rate falls below the new Base Rate, it would not be construed a violation of the guidelines on Base Rate.

3.7 Exemption from Base Rate guidelines

3.7.1 The following categories of loans could be priced without reference to the Base Rate:

(a) DRI advances

(b) loans to banks’ own employees including retired employees

(c) loans to banks’ depositors against their own deposits

3.7.2 In those cases where subvention is available to borrowers, it is clarified as under:

(i) Interest Rate Subvention on Crop Loans

  1. In case of crop loans up to Rupees three lakh, for which subvention is available, banks should charge farmers the interest rates as stipulated by the Government of India. If the yield to the bank (after including subvention) is lower than the Base Rate, such lending will not be construed a violation of the Base Rate guidelines.

  2. As regards the rebate provided for prompt repayment, since it does not change the yield to the banks [mentioned at (a) above] on such loans, it would not be a factor in reckoning compliance with the Base Rate guidelines.

(ii) Interest Rate Subvention on Export Credit

Interest rates applicable for all tenors of rupee export credit advances will be at or above the Base Rate. In respect of cases where subvention of Government of India is available, banks will have to reduce the interest rate chargeable to exporters as per Base Rate system by the amount of subvention available. If, as a consequence, the interest rate charged to exporters goes below the Base Rate, such lending will not be construed a violation of the Base Rate guidelines. (The last Rupee Export Credit Interest Subvention Scheme of Government of India was valid upto March 31, 2014).

3.7.3 Restructured Loans

In case of restructured loans if some of the Working Capital Term Loan (WCTL), Funded Interest Term Loan (FITL), etc. need to be granted below the Base Rate for the purposes of viability and there are recompense etc. clauses, such lending will not be construed a violation of the Base Rate guidelines.

3.7.4 In the following cases where refinance is available to banks, banks are allowed to charge interest at the rates prescribed under the schemes to the extent refinance is available. Such lending, even if it is below the Base Rate, would not be considered a violation of our Base Rate Guidelines. Interest rate charged on the part not covered under refinance should not however be below Base Rate.

  1. Extending subsidized loans to entrepreneurs under the scheme formulated by Government of India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) on financing of Off-Grid and Decentralised Solar (Photovoltaic and Thermal) aplications

  2. Extending financial assistance under Micro Credit scheme of National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC) and various schemes of National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC)

  3. Extending financial assistance under schemes of National Safai Karmacharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC)

  4. Lending to Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) for short term seasonal agricultural operations where refinance is available from NABARD

  5. Bank Finance extended to the beneficiaries of the schemes of National Scheduled Caste Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC)

  6. Bank Finance extended to the beneficiaries of the schemes of the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA) supported by the National Clean Energy Funds (NCEF)

  7. Bank finance extended to the beneficiaries of the schemes of National Backward Classes Finance & Development Corporation (NBCFDC)

  8. Bank finance extended to the beneficiaries of special refinance scheme for flood affected areas of Jammu & Kashmir formulated by National Housing Bank (NHB)

4. Charging of Interest at Monthly Rests

  1. Banks have been advised to charge interest on all loans/ advances at monthly rests with effect from April 01, 2002. The interest charged should be rounded off to nearest rupee.

  2. Instructions on charging interest at monthly rests shall not be applicable to agricultural advances and banks shall continue to follow the existing practice of charging / compounding of interest on agricultural advances linked to crop seasons. As indicated in circular RPCD.No.PLFS.BC.129/05.02.27/97-98 dated June 29, 1998, banks should charge interest on agricultural advances for long duration crops at annual rests. As regards other agricultural advances in respect of short duration crop and allied agricultural activities such as dairy, fishery, piggery, poultry, bee-keeping, etc., banks should take into consideration due dates fixed on the basis of fluidity with borrowers and harvesting / marketing season while charging interest and compounding the same if the loan / installment becomes overdue. Further, banks should ensure that the total interest debited to an account should not exceed the principal amount in respect of short term advances granted to small and marginal farmers.

5. Differential Rate of Interest for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs)

While pricing their loans to MSE borrowers, banks should take into account the incentives available to them in the form of the credit guarantee cover of the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) and the zero risk weight for capital adequacy purpose for the portion of the loan guaranteed by the CGTMSE and provide differential interest rate for such MSE borrowers, than the other borrowers. However, banks should note that such differential rate of interest is not below the Base Rate of the bank.

6. Loans under Consortium Arrangement

Banks need not charge a uniform rate of interest even under a consortium arrangement. Each member bank may charge a rate of interest on the portion of the credit limits extended by it to the borrower, subject to the condition that such rate of interest is determined with reference to its Base Rate.

7. Withdrawals Against Uncleared Effects

As a measure of customer service, any charging of interest should not apply to the facility afforded to depositors for immediate credits in respect of cheques sent for collection.

8. Penal Rate of Interest

Banks are permitted to formulate a transparent policy for charging penal interest with the approval of their Board of Directors. However, in the case of loans to borrowers under priority sector, no penal interest should be charged for loans up to Rs. 25,000. Penal interest can be levied for reasons such as default in repayment, non-submission of financial statements, etc. However, the policy on penal interest should be governed by well-accepted principles of transparency, fairness, incentive to service the debt and due regard to genuine difficulties of customers.

9. Zero Percent Interest Finance Schemes for Consumer Durables

Banks should refrain from offering low / zero percent interest rates on consumer durable advances to borrowers through adjustment of discount available from manufacturers / dealers of consumer goods, since such loan schemes lack transparency in operations and distort pricing mechanism of loan products. These products do not also give a clear picture to the customers regarding the applicable interest rates. Banks should, also, not promote such schemes by releasing advertisements in different newspapers and media indicating that they are promoting / financing consumers under such schemes. They should also refrain from linking their names in any form / manner with any incentive-based advertisement where clarity regarding interest rate is absent.

10. Excessive Interest Charged by Banks

Though interest rates have been deregulated, charging of interest beyond a certain level is seen to be usurious and can neither be sustainable nor be conforming to normal banking practice. Boards of banks have, therefore, been advised to lay out appropriate internal principles and procedures so that usurious interest, including processing and other charges, are not levied by them on loans and advances. In laying down such principles and procedures in respect of small value loans, particularly, personal loans and such other loans of similar nature, banks should take into account, inter-alia, the following broad guidelines:

  1. An appropriate prior-approval process should be prescribed for sanctioning such loans, which should take into account, among others, the cash flows of the prospective borrower.

  2. Interest rates charged by banks, inter-alia, should incorporate risk premium as considered reasonable and justified having regard to the internal rating of the borrower. Further, in considering the question of risk, the presence or absence of security and the value thereof should be taken into account.

  3. The total cost to the borrower, including interest and all other charges levied on a loan, should be justifiable having regard to the total cost incurred by the bank in extending the loan, which is sought to be defrayed and the extent of return that could be reasonably expected from the transaction.

  4. An appropriate ceiling should be fixed on the interest, including processing and other charges that are levied on such loans, which should be suitably publicised.


ANNEX 2

Guidelines on Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR) applicable to loans sanctioned upto June 30, 2010 (Paragraph 2)

With effect from October 18, 1994, RBI has deregulated the interest rates on advances above Rupees two lakh and the rates of interest on such advances are determined by the banks themselves subject to BPLR and Spread guidelines. For credit limits up to Rupees two lakh, banks should charge interest not exceeding their BPLR. Keeping in view the international practice and to provide operational flexibility to commercial banks in deciding their lending rates, banks can offer loans at below BPLR to exporters or other creditworthy borrowers, including public enterprises, on the basis of a transparent and objective policy approved by their respective Boards. Banks will continue to declare the maximum spread of interest rates over BPLR.

Given the prevailing status of the credit market in India and the need to continue with concessionality for small borrowers, the practice of treating BPLR as the ceiling for loans up to Rupees two lakh will continue.

Banks are free to determine the rates of interest without reference to BPLR and regardless of the size in respect of loans for purchase of consumer durables, loans to individuals against shares and debentures / bonds, other non-priority sector personal loans, etc. as per details given below.

BPLR will be made uniformly applicable at all branches of a bank.

Determination of Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR)

In order to enhance transparency in banks’ pricing of their loan products as also to ensure that the BPLR truly reflects the actual costs, banks should be guided by the following considerations while determining their Benchmark PLR:

Banks should take into account their (i) actual cost of funds, (ii) operating expenses and (iii) a minimum margin to cover regulatory requirement of provisioning / capital charge and profit margin, while arriving at the benchmark PLR. Banks should announce a Benchmark PLR with the approval of their Boards.

The Benchmark PLR will be the ceiling rate for credit limit up to Rupees two lakh.

All other lending rates can be determined with reference to the Benchmark PLR arrived at as above by taking into account term premia and / or risk premia.

Detailed guidelines on operational aspects of Benchmark PLR have been issued by IBA on November 25, 2003.

In the interest of customer protection and to have greater degree of transparency in regard to actual interest rates charged to borrowers, banks should continue to provide information on maximum and minimum interest rates charged together with the Benchmark PLR.

Freedom to fix Lending Rates

Banks are free to determine the rates of interest without reference to BPLR and regardless of the size in respect of the following loans:

  1. Loans for purchase of consumer durables;

  2. Loans to individuals against shares and debentures / bonds;

  3. Other non-priority sector personal loans including credit card dues;

  4. Advances / overdrafts against domestic / NRE / FCNR (B) deposits with the bank, provided that the deposit/s stands / stand either in the name(s) of the borrower himself / borrowers themselves, or in the names of the borrower jointly with another person;

  5. Finance granted to intermediary agencies including housing finance intermediary agencies (list as given below) for on-lending to ultimate beneficiaries and agencies providing input support.;

  6. Discounting of Bills;

  7. Loans / Advances / Cash Credit / Overdrafts against commodities subject to Selective Credit Control;

  8. To a co-operative bank or to any other banking institution;

  9. To its own employees;

  10. Loans covered by refinance schemes of term lending institutions.

An Illustrative list of Intermediary Agencies

1. State sponsored organisations for on-lending to weaker sections. Weaker sections include –

  1. Small and marginal farmers with landholdings of 5 acres and less, and landless labourers, tenant farmers and share-croppers;

  2. Artisans, village and cottage industries where individual credit requirements do not exceed Rs. 50,000/-;

  3. Beneficiaries of Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY);

  4. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes;

  5. Beneficiaries of Differential Rate of Interest (DRI) scheme;

  6. Beneficiaries under Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY);

  7. Beneficiaries under scheme of Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers (SLRS);

  8. Advances to Self-Help Groups (SHGs);

  9. Loans to distressed poor to repay their debt to informal sector, against appropriate collateral or group security;

Loans granted under (i) to (viii) above to persons from minority communities as may be notified by Government of India from time to time.

In states, where one of the minority communities notified is, in fact, in majority, item (ix) will cover only the other notified minorities. These States/Union Territories are Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Mizoram, Nagaland and Lakshadweep.

2. Distributors of agricultural inputs / implements.

3. State Financial Corporations (SFCs) / State Industrial Development Corporations (SIDCs) to the extent they provide credit to weaker sections.

4. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC).

5. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).

6. Agencies involved in assisting the decentralised sector.

7. State sponsored organisations for on-lending to the weaker sections.

8. Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd. (HUDCO).

9. Housing Finance Companies approved by National Housing Bank (NHB) for refinance.

10. State sponsored organisations for SCs / STs (for purchase and supply of inputs to and / or marketing of output of the beneficiaries of these organisations).

11. Micro Finance Institutions / Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) on-lending to SHGs.


ANNEX 3

Interest Rate Structure for all Rupee Advances
including Term Loans of Commercial Banks sanctioned up to June 30, 2010 [paragraph 2]

Rate of Interest (Per cent per annum)
1. (a) Up to and inclusive of Rupees two lakh Not exceeding Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR)
(b) Over Rupees two lakh Banks are free to determine rates of interest subject to BPLR and spread guidelines. Banks may, however, offer loans at below BPLR to exporters or other creditworthy borrowers including public enterprises based on a transparent and objective policy approved by their Boards.

2. Export Credit up to June 30, 2010

Interest Rates effective from May 1, 2010 to June 30, 2010 will be not exceeding BPLR minus 2.5 percentage points per annum for the following categories of Export Credit:

Categories of Export Credit

1.

Pre-shipment Credit (from the date of advance)

 

(a) Up to 270 days

 

(b) Against incentives receivable from Government covered by ECGC Guarantee up to 90 days

2.

Post-shipment Credit (from the date of advance)

 

(a) On demand bills for transit period (as specified by FEDAI)

 

(b) Usance bills (for total period comprising usance period of export bills, transit period as specified by FEDAI, and grace period, wherever applicable)

 

i) Up to 180 days
ii) Up to 365 days for exporters under the Gold Card Scheme.

 

(c) Against incentives receivable from Govt. (covered by ECGC Guarantee) up to 90 days

 

(d) Against undrawn balances (up to 90 days)

 

(e) Against retention money (for supplies portion only) payable within one year from the date of shipment (up to 90 days)

BPLR: Benchmark Prime Lending Rate
Note:
1. Since these are ceiling rates, banks would be free to charge any rate below the ceiling rates.
2. Interest rates for the above-mentioned categories of export credit beyond the tenors as prescribed above are deregulated and banks are free to decide the rate of interest, keeping in view the BPLR and spread guidelines.

3. Education Loan Scheme up to June 30, 2010
Up to Rupees four lakh Not exceeding BPLR
Above Rupees four lakh BPLR + 1%
Note. 1. The interest to be debited quarterly/ half yearly on simple basis during the Repayment holiday/ Moratorium period.
2. Penal interest @2% be charged for loans above Rupees two lakh for the overdue amount and overdue period.
4. Banks are free to determine the rates of interest without reference to BPLR and regardless of the size in respect of the following loans up to June 30, 2010:
i) Loans for purchase of consumer durables
ii) Loans to individuals against shares and debentures / bonds
iii) Other non-priority sector personal loans including credit card dues
iv) Advances / overdrafts against domestic / NRE / FCNR (B) deposits with the bank, provided that the deposit/s stands / stand either in the name(s) of the borrower himself / borrowers themselves, or in the names of the borrower jointly with another person
v) Finance granted to intermediary agencies (excluding those of housing) for on-lending to ultimate beneficiaries and agencies providing input support.
vi) Finance granted to housing finance intermediary agencies for on-lending to ultimate beneficiaries.
vii) Discounting of Bills
viii) Loans / Advances / Cash Credit / Overdrafts against commodities subject to Selective Credit Control.
ix) To a co-operative bank or to any other banking institution
x) To its own employees
5. Loans covered by participation in refinancing schemes of term lending institutions up to June 30, 2010
Free to charge interest rates as per stipulations of the refinancing agencies without reference to BPLR
6. DRI Advances 4.0%
Note: Intermediary agencies are indicated in Annex 2

APPENDIX

List of circulars consolidated in the
Master Circular on 'Interest Rates on Advances'

SL Circular No. Date Subject
1. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.36/C.347-90 22.10.1990 Rounding off Transactions to the Nearest Rupee
2. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.115/13.07.01/94 17.10.1994 Interest Rates on Advances
3. IECD.No.28/08.12.01/94-95 22.11.1994 Compliance with Lending Discipline - (a) Charging of Uniform Rates of Interest for Lending under Consortium Arrangement and (b) Penal Interest for Non-compliance with the Discipline
4. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.141/13.07.01-94 07.12.1994 Interest Rates on Advances
5. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.89/13:07:01/95 21.08.1995 Deregulation of Lending Rates - Levy of Interest Tax
6. DBOD.No.BC.99/13.07.01/95 12.09.1995 Withdrawals against Uncleared Effects
7. RPCD.No.PL.BC.120/04.09.22/95-96 02.04.1996 Linking of Self Help Groups with Banks - Working Group on NGOs and SHGs - Recommendations - Follow-up
8. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.139/13.07.01/96 19.10.1996 Interest Rates on Advances - Prime Lending Rate
9. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.10/13.07.01/97 12.02.1997 Interest Rates on Advances - Prime Lending Rate
10. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.124/13.07.01/97-98 21.10.1997 Interest Rates on Advances
11. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.33/13.03.00/98 29.04.1998 Interest Rates on Advances
12. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.36/13.03.00/98 29.04.1998 Monetary and Credit Policy Measures
13. DBOD.No.BP.BC.35/21.01.002/99 24.04.1999 Monetary and Credit Policy Measures
14. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.100/13.07.01/99 11.10.1999 Interest Rates on Advances - Fixed Rate Loans
15. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.106/13.03.00/ 99 29.10.1999 Interest Rates on Advances
16. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.114/13.03.00/ 99 29.10.1999 Mid-Term Review of Monetary and Credit Policy 1999-2000
17. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.168/13:03:00-2000 27.04.2000 Monetary and Credit Policy for the Year 2000-2001 - Interest Rate Policy
18. DBOD.No.BC.178/13:07:01/2000 25.05.2000 Interest Rates on Advances
19. DBOD No. BP.BC 31/21.04.048/00-01 10.10.2000 Monetary and Credit Policy Measures - Mid-Term Review for the Year 2000-2001
20. IECD No. 9/04.02.01/2000-01 05.01.2001 Interest Rate on Export Credit
21. DBOD No. Dir.BC 106/13.03.00/2000-01 19.04.2001 Interest Rates on Advances
22. DBOD No. Dir.BC 107/13.03.00/2000-01 19.04.2001 Monetary and Credit Policy for the year 2001-2002 - Interest Rate Policy
23. IECD No.13/04.02.01/2000-01 19.04.2001 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
24. RPCD.PLNFS.BC.No.83/06.12.05/2000-01 28.04.2001 Educational Loan Scheme
25. DBOD No.Dir.BC.117/13.07.01/2000-01 04.05.2001 Charging of Penal Interest
26. RPCD.Plan.BC.15/04.09.01/2001-02 17.08.2001 Charging of Penal Interest by Banks on Priority Sector Loans
27. DBOD No.Dir.BC.75/13.07.01/2002 15.03.2002 Interest Rates on Advances
28. DBOD No.Dir.BC.8/13.07.00/2002-03 26.07.2002 Charging of Interest at Monthly Rests - Consolidated Instructions
29. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.19/13.07.01/2002-03 19.08.2002 Zero percent Interest Finance Schemes for Consumer Durables
30. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.25/13.03.00/2002-03 19.09.2002 Charging of Interest at Monthly Rests - Agricultural Advances
31. IECD.No.18/04.02.01/2002-03 30.04.2003 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
32. DBOD.No.BC.103/13.07.01/2003 30.04.2003 Interest Rates on Advances
33. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.103A/13.03.00/2002-03 30.04.2003 Interest Rates on Advances - Prime Lending Rate and Spreads
34. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.10/13.03.00/2003-04 14.08.2003 Interest Rates on Advances
35. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.38/13.03.00/2003-04 21.10.2003 Interest Rates on Advances - Prime Lending Rate and Spreads
36. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.39/13.03.00/2003-04 21.10.2003 Interest Rates on Advances - Prime Lending Rate and Spreads
37. DBOD.No.81/13.07.01/2003-04 24.04.2004 Interest Rates on Advances
38. IECD.No.10/04.02.01/2003-04 24.04.2004 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
39. IECD.No.13/04.02.01/2003-04 18.05.2004 Export Credit Interest Rates for Gold Card Holder Exporters
40. DBOD.No.BC.85/13.07.01/2003-04 18.05.2004 Interest Rates on Advances
41. DBOD.No.BC.84/13.07.01/2004-05 29.04.2005 Interest Rates on Advances
42. DBOD.Dir (Exp.).BC.No.83/ 04.02.01/2005-06 28.04.2006 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
43. DBOD.Dir (Exp.).BC.No.79/ 04.02.01/2006-07 17.04.2007 Interest Rates on Advances
44. RPCD.No.Plan.BC.84/04.09.01/2006-07 30.04.2007 Guidelines on Lending to Priority Sector - Revised
45. DBOD.Dir.BC.93/13.03.00/2006-07 07.05.2007 Complaints about Excessive Interest Charged by Banks
46. RPCD.No.Plan.BC.10856/04.09.01/2006-07 18.05.2007 Revised Guidelines On Lending To Priority Sector - Weaker Sections
47. DBOD. Dir. (Exp).BC.No.77/04.02.01/2007- 08 28.04.2008 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
48. DBOD.Dir.(Exp).BC.No.131/04.02.01/2008-09 29.04.2009 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
49. DBOD.Dir.BC.88/13.03.00/2009-10 09.04.2010 Guidelines on Base Rate
50. DBOD.Dir.(Exp).BC.No.102/04.02.01/2009-10 06.05.2010 Rupee Export Credit Interest Rates
51. Mail Box clarification 14.05.2010 Guidelines on Base Rate
52. Letter to IBA 24.06.2010 Guidelines on Base Rate
53. Mail Box clarification 24.09.2010 Guidelines on Base Rate
54. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.73/13.03.00/2010-11 06.01.2011 Guidelines on Base Rate
55. DBOD.No.Dir.BC.81/13.03.00/2010-11 21.02.2011 Guidelines on Base Rate
56. DBOD.Dir.BC.34/13.03.00/2011-12 09.09.2011 Guidelines on Base Rate
57. DBOD.Dir.No.12740/13.07.01/2011-12 24.2.2012 Guidelines on Base Rate
58. Mail Box clarification 10.04.2012 Guidelines on Base Rate
59. Mail Box clarification 27.04.2012 Guidelines on Base Rate
60. Mail Box Clarification 31.12.2012 Guidelines on Base Rate
61. DBOD.Dir.BC.No.47 /13.03.00/2013-14 02.09.2013 Base Rate- Revised Guidelines
62. DBOD.Dir.BC.No.106/13.03.00/2013-14 15.04.2014 Differential Rate of Interest for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs)
63. Mail Box Clarification 19.08.2014 Guidelines on Base Rate
64. Mail Box Clarification 08.10.2014 Base Rate Guidelines
65. DBR.Dir.BC.No.63/13.03.00/2014-15 19.01.2015 Interest Rates on Advances
 
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