Press Releases

PDF document (464 kb)
Date : Mar 31, 2016
India’s International Investment Position (IIP), December 2015

International Investment Position (IIP) is a statistical statement that shows, at a point in time, the value and the composition of (a) financial assets of residents of an economy that are claims on non-residents, and gold bullion held as reserve assets; and (b) liabilities of residents of an economy to non-residents. The difference between an economy's external financial assets and liabilities is its net IIP, which may be positive or negative. Such balance sheet analysis of international accounts is an important input for understanding external sustainability and vulnerability, and is also useful in analysing the economic structure.

The highlights of IIP for the quarter-ended December 2015 are as follows:

  • Net claims of non-residents on India (as reflected by the net IIP) increased by US$ 4.2 billion over the previous quarter to US$ 362.0 billion as at end-December 2015 (Table 1). This change in the net position reflected a US$ 7.4 billion increase in the value of foreign-owned assets in India vis-à-vis a US$ 3.2 billion increase in the value of Indian Residents’ financial assets abroad.

  • Overseas financial assets of Indian residents stood at US$ 532.7 billion as at end- December 2015 exhibiting an increase of US$ 3.2 billion during the quarter, mainly due to increase in overseas direct investment.

  • Foreign-owned assets in India increased by US$ 7.4 billion over the previous quarter to US$ 894.7 billion, mainly due to increase in direct investment by US$ 11.3 billion, whereas portfolio investment and other investment declined by US$ 0.8 billion and US$ 3.1 billion, respectively, during the quarter.

  • Effects of Exchange Rate movement: Variation in exchange rate of rupee vis-a-vis other currencies affected change in liabilities, when valued in US$ terms. While there was net equity inflow of US$ 12.2 billion during the quarter, outstanding equity liabilities increased by US$ 8.6 billion from US$ 402.0 billion in September 2015 to US$ 410.6 billion in December 2015, as outstanding liabilities were revalued due to rupee depreciation during the period.

  • The ratio of India’s international financial assets to international financial liabilities stood at 59.5 per cent in December 2015 (59.7 per cent in September 2015).

Composition of External Financial Assets and Liabilities

  • Reserve Assets continued to have the dominant share (65.8 per cent) in India’s international financial assets in December 2015, followed by overseas direct investment (26.1 per cent) (Table 2).

  • Direct Investment (31.6 per cent), portfolio investment (25.1 per cent), loans (19.2 per cent) and currency & deposits (13.7 per cent) were the major constituents of the country’s financial liabilities.

Debt Liabilities vis-à-vis Non-Debt Liabilities

The share of non-debt liabilities in total external liabilities increased marginally to 45.9 per cent as at end-December 2015 from 45.3 per cent at end-September 2015 (Table 3).

Table 1: Overall International Investment Position of India
(US $ billion)
Period Dec-14 (PR) Mar-15 (PR) Jun-15 (PR) Sep-15 (PR) Dec-15 (P)
Net IIP -356.6 -364.9 -362.4 -357.8 -362.0
A. Assets 491.8 522.4 534.7 529.5 532.7
1. Direct Investment 131.5 132.7 134.1 135.8 139.0
2. Portfolio Investment 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7
    2.1 Equity Securities 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.6
    2.2 Debt Securities 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1
3. Other Investment 38.2 46.6 43.0 41.7 41.7
    3.1 Trade Credits 6.8 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.5
    3.2 Loans 4.2 5.7 4.4 4.3 3.7
    3.3 Currency & Deposits 11.9 19.4 17.1 16.7 17.3
    3.4 Other Assets 15.3 16.0 16.4 16.1 16.1
4. Reserve Assets 320.6 341.6 356.0 350.3 350.4
B. Liabilities 848.4 887.3 897.1 887.3 894.7
1. Direct Investment 252.8 265.5 271.1 271.0 282.3
2. Portfolio Investment 215.1 233.4 236.3 225.6 224.8
    2.1 Equity Securities 145.0 153.6 151.4 143.6 141.1
    2.2 Debt securities 70.1 79.8 85.0 82.0 83.7
3. Other Investment 380.4 388.4 389.6 390.7 387.6
    3.1 Trade Credits 81.1 83.7 81.3 81.3 79.5
    3.2 Loans 176.2 177.2 175.0 172.7 171.8
    3.3 Currency & Deposits 110.2 115.3 120.1 122.0 122.8
    3.4 Other Liabilities 13.0 12.2 13.3 14.7 13.4
Memo item: Assets to Liability Ratio (%) 58.0 58.9 59.6 59.7 59.5
PR: Partially revised            P: Provisional;
The sum of the constituent items may not add to the total due to rounding off.

Table 2: Composition of International Financial Assets and Liabilities of India
(per cent)
Period Dec-14 (PR) Mar-15 (PR) Jun-15 (PR) Sep-15 (PR) Dec-15 (P)
A. Assets          
    1. Direct Investment 26.7 25.4 25.1 25.6 26.1
    2. Portfolio Investment 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
    3. Other Investment 7.8 8.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
    4. Reserve Assets 65.2 65.4 66.6 66.2 65.8
    Assets/Liabilities 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
B. Liabilities
    1. Direct Investment 29.8 29.9 30.2 30.5 31.6
    2. Portfolio Investment 25.4 26.3 26.3 25.4 25.1
    3. Other Investment 44.8 43.8 43.5 44.1 43.3

Table 3: Share of External Debt and Non-Debt Liabilities of India
(per cent)
Period Dec-14 (PR) Mar-15 (PR) Jun-15 (PR) Sep-15 (PR) Dec-15 (P)
Non-Debt Liabilities 45.6 45.9 45.7 45.3 45.9
Debt Liabilities 54.4 54.1 54.3 54.7 54.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Sangeeta Das
Director

Press Release : 2015-2016/2309


1 India’s quarterly IIP is being disseminated with one quarter lag and the previous quarterly IIP as at end-September 2015 was released on the RBI website on December 31, 2015.


2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
Archives
Top